It is enough to walk the streets of the capital of the neighboring country, says the woman, to realize the bubble in which she is immersed. “There are hundreds of concert posters by great artists that only those who can pay between 60 and 5,000 dollars can go to. Who can really allocate the money to afford these luxuries? Few!” she maintains.
The reality of Viloria, who was outside his country for 6 years, is mixed with what he can observe and experience Alberto Garcia.
He is a man who has been repairing appliances in Caracas for more than 30 years and knows, from experience, the different stages that Venezuela has gone through in recent years.
“Over there, in 2015, the situation in this country fell apart. People started to leave and things got very ugly, and with them the possibility that I could work. If I was going to make a repair there were no spare parts, everything was complicated”, describes García.
Alberto remembers that the most critical years were in 2017 and 2018, when he had to walk dozens of kilometers every day to get to and from his job.
“There was no gasoline, the electricity went out every day. Venezuela, at that time, undoubtedly hit rock bottom. The truth was that those years that we had to live through were very hard, we still suffer from them, but at least not with such intensity”, says García.
The man indicates that since 2020, after the worst peak of the pandemic, “things have improved”, but with that improvement also came “the high cost of living”. “Although they call me to make repairs and pay me, that money is not enough to buy the expensive products that are on the shelves, because they are all imported,” he says.
Understanding the scenario. For the Venezuelan economist and director of Ecoanalítica, Asdrúbal Oliveros, “Venezuela has not been fixed”, but on the contrary it is the reflection of an economy that in eight years contracted almost 80% and what he sees today is “a stabilization in the pit.
“What we see now is an economy that has stopped falling and that some sectors are reactivating in a very weak way, in a very uneven way, because it is an improvement that has not been extensive to all citizens, nor to all regions”, Explain.
This situation is seen by Oliveros as “very slight signs” of improvement that are occurring in the economy that translate into “fresh air” for the population, the companies, for those who live in Venezuela. “All this is far from a structural improvement that corrects the profound effects of the crisis of recent years.”
White Vera Azafeconomic journalist and editor-in-chief of HispanoPostassures that in order to understand the current reality of Venezuela, it is necessary to understand that for three years, after 16 years, there has been no price control or banking control, as well as knowing that in 2017 the United States imposed a series of sanctions, among them the impossibility of selling oil, which prevented the flow of foreign exchange to the Government.
This caused shortages and shortages to become more acute. “The public sector was hit and the private sector could not continue buying foreign currency from the Government, which prevented imports,” Vera explains.
“In 2019 Maduro decides to lift the exchange control, and the private sector, for the first time in almost two decades, was able to start importing directly, added to the elimination of import tariffs. These opening factors have given the possibility for the Government to access resources and invest them”, says the journalist.
Thus, what can be observed is that there is a group of businessmen that “are operating with greater freedom”, which has motivated the emergence of enterprises that have required personnel. “That is why many Venezuelans who left are returning to work in the country,” says Vera.
Meanwhile, Rafael Arraiz Luccaa Venezuelan historian, told EL HERALDO that the phrase “Venezuela got it right” is not accurate, despite the fact that the economic situation has improved three years since the economy was dollarized.
“There have been certain orthodox economic measures that have brought an improvement in the Venezuelan economic situation. After two years of the pandemic, tourism has slowly begun to recover, something that could be seen at Easter with the number of travelers who arrived on the island of Margarita, where hotel occupancy grew evidently,” says the academic.
This scenario, according to Arráiz Luccadoes not denote the possibility of a “promising country ahead”, but it is impossible not to point out that there has been an economic improvement from the liberal measures that the Government has taken.