HEating healthier foods can help slow down the progression of heart disease, but for people who already have heart problems, nutrition is essential. After research in the published European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, when We may eat as important as What We eat – especially for people recovering from heart attacks.
Most people do not believe that this could cause harm. "
A research letter published on Thursday by Marcos Ferreira Minicucci, Ph.D. Sao Paulo State University's Department of Clinical Medicine shows that the timing of meals made a big difference to the recovery of heart attack patients. Those who ate late at night and then skipped breakfast the next day were four to five times to die rather than those who follow regular eating habits.
"We think that nowadays, because time is running so fast, we do not have time to eat, usually during the day when we eat snacks," says Minicucci inverse "We also skip meals as soon as possible. Most people do not believe that this could cause harm. "
For the group of 113 heart attack patients Minicucci studied, irregular eating habits did Cause damage – or at least associated with a much higher risk of death. Considering that heart disease in the US accounts for one in four deaths, this pattern is a powerful one that can affect many lives.
In this study, "skipping breakfast" means "not eating before lunch" (there is no time limit in the paper). For example, patients who drank coffee in the morning were still among the skipping breakfast categories. He added that he had eaten late, meaning that he would have dinner within two hours of going to bed.
When Minicucci observed his heart attack patients during his hospitalization and the first 30 days after his discharge, he noted that 40.7 percent of the patients said they had dinner both within two hours of bedtime and breakfast the next omit. After adapting to other factors that may correlate with a higher risk of death, such as smoking status or cholesterol, eating late and avoiding breakfast was still associated with a higher risk of death.
The paper does not go so far as to explain what's behind this pattern – it's just an observational study, so there are still some unanswered questions. For example, Minicucci did not analyze the types of foods that these patients ate, adding to the risk. 73 percent of his patients were men, so these results may not apply to women.
Overall, its results appear to be unusually specific, but they have a place in a research area where the importance of the time of eating is increasingly torn for both heart attack patients and the general population.
We use this type of study to formulate a hypothesis. "
For example a 2014 study in Scientifica 60,800 Japanese adults found that people who ate dinner later and left breakfast were 17 percent more likely to have a metabolic syndrome, which increases the risk of heart disease. These data give this paper some credibility, but they do not explain what the relationship between heart health and the combination of late supper could look like without breakfast.
One idea is that we should really focus on the skipped breakfast side of the equation.
A review published in traffic 2017 points to the idea that late supper is indeed one of the biggest predictors of frolicsome breakfast. Minicucci also notes, "People who work late may be particularly vulnerable to a late dinner and then not hungry in the morning," he said Thursday. The question is, what happens when people skip breakfast because they are too full when they go to sleep?
Some research suggests that skipping breakfast is not good news. For example, an article published in stroke In 2016, it was found that men who skip breakfast had a 14 percent higher rate of heart disease than men who did not skip breakfast, illustrating how breakfast can affect metabolic health. However, when it comes to weight loss, other reviews suggest that breakfast is not necessarily a silver ball for weight maintenance – despite its popular status as the "most important meal of the day".
In terms of the total population, it is still difficult to establish a cause-and-effect relationship between the time of the meal and the heart's health – perhaps because there are so many different factors that determine what and what is crucial. when someone eats. But for the heart attack patients studied by Minicucci, it seems that the timing of meals actually makes a difference on their way to recovery, though he adds that this needs to be repeated in further studies.
"This is the first article that examines these habits in patients after a heart attack," he adds. "We use this kind of study to formulate a hypothesis."
If a simple change in the time of eating can offset the risks that heart attack survivors face daily, it's worth investigating the connection.