"When you listen to music, you literally create a cerebral symphony, that is, you stimulate many areas of the brain," says Dr. Gérard Mick. "Music can be used as a treatment. same as other care, "said Saturday, September 15 on franceinfo Dr. Gérard Mick, neurologist at the hospital of Voiron (Isère) and specialist in the effects of listening to music in patients, including Alzheimer's. He reacted to the opening – in four years – of the European center of music at Villa Viardot in Bougival (Yvelines), where Emmanuel Macron went for the European Heritage Days. The center should have a research laboratory on the links between music and the brain.franceinfo: Does music have a real effect on people suffering from neurodegenerative diseases Gérard Mick: Of course. Music can be used as a care, just like other treatments. It now appears as an extremely important tool for reducing anxiety, behavioral disorders and we know today – especially in patients with Alzheimer's disease – that it can stimulate certain recoveries. For example, some patients who can no longer speak correctly and who have severe memory difficulties called autobiographical, that is to say about their past life a few minutes ago, these patients are able to learn from melodies, lyrics about melodies and also relive social cohesion when working in group music. Musical listening has truly become an important therapeutic tool in this disease. Can we understand what is going on in these sick people, in their brains? When we listen to music, we literally create a cerebral symphony, that is to say that one stimulates many areas of the brain. The first, the one that integrates the sound perception, but also another that will prepare the movement, which obviously explains the links between music and dance, another one that will be linked to the sensation of pleasure and finally, a important thing that has recently been put forward, an area of ​​the brain that allows you to better feel the intimate perception of your body. In fact, this cerebral symphony is a multitude of elements that can be used to be stimulated at specific moments of care and can have effects in different diseases. In Alzheimer's disease, there are patients who do not move, who no longer speak and who, listening to music, start walking, laughing and singing music as if they had never forgotten. Imagine someone who, following a stroke, is in rehab. We know today that we will stimulate the regrowth of certain networks, of some altered links between different areas of the brain through music deemed pleasant. It means that it is a rehabilitative treatment. Musical listening is literally physiological care. Can music soothe physical pain? Physical pain is a brain construct. You do not feel pain if you do not have a brain. It is he who will build the conscious painful perception. Music has many roles in pain: when you are in pain, listening to pleasant music reduces the level of perceived pain and also reduces the anxiety that goes with pain, muscle and body tension. Music is a complementary, even alternative, non-drug approach. As cardiologists ask for 30 to 45 minutes of walking a day, you have to listen to 30 to 45 minutes of pleasant music a day because it has a fundamental role in well-being.
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