The Professional Future law encouraged the creation of company CFAs to support the development of professions and develop skills within companies. Access to apprenticeship has increased significantly, in particular thanks to the aid offered by the Government.
The creation of CFAs
The company apprenticeship training center must fulfill one of the following conditions.
It can either be:
- A CFA internal to the company;
- A subsidiary of the company;
- Constituted by a group of companies or by several companies sharing common prospects for the development of professions or which operate in complementary sectors of activity.
The CFAs of companies subject to imperatives
These CFAs are subject to quality certification and must offer free training. They must set up a professional development council to oversee the organization and operation of the CFA.
They must also meet the following conditions:
- Keep cost accounting;
- Disseminate their annual results;
- Submit to a pedagogical control (for diploma courses) by public officials authorized by the ministries;
- Comply with the standards of the certification sought.
The missions of the CFAs
The missions assigned to the CFAs are as follows:
- Support people, including those with disabilities, wishing to orient themselves or reorient themselves through learning;
- Support and accompany apprenticeship applicants in their search for an employer;
- Inform apprentices of their rights and duties;
- Help apprentices who have interrupted their training and those who have not, at the end of their training, obtained a diploma or professional title;
- Support apprentices to resolve their social and material difficulties;
- Encourage diversity;
- Encourage the mix of professions and professional equality between women and men;
- Promote national and international mobility;
- Support apprentices when the training is provided in whole or in part remotely;
- Evaluate the skills acquired (with regard to the rules defined by each certifying body);
- Support apprentices in their efforts to access the aid they are entitled to.
Extending business support
The amount of aid is:
- €5,000 for the recruitment of a work-study student (on an apprenticeship or professionalization contract) under 18 years of age.
- €8,000 when the work-study student is at least 18 and under 30 and is preparing a diploma, a professional title or a qualification certificate up to the master’s degree (bac +5).
This aid is granted for the first year of the contract, for contracts concluded from 1is July 2020 to December 31, 2022 (decree of June 29, 2022 – JO June 30). The decree also extends the derogatory amount of the single aid to employers of apprentices in companies with fewer than 250 employees.
The possible reduction in the level of support for apprenticeship contracts
France skills is facing a significant deficit. On June 30, it adopted a deliberation which plans a 10% reduction in allocations to training organizations. This regulatory and financing body for the sector aims to reduce the discrepancies observed between the contract costs (levels of support) paid to the CFAs and the actual costs of training.
The Court of Auditors, Supervisory Authority, is alarmed by this financial impasse experienced by the alternation, while the skills deficit in France is on the rise.
It considers that the increase in the number of work-study contracts linked to the reform has come at the price of a doubling of the cost, while benefiting little to young people who have the most difficulty finding employment.
Work-study should provide more answers to young people in vulnerable situations and companies encountering recruitment difficulties. Training must take into account the specific needs of the territories.
I am a labor lawyer specializing in HR, vocational training and employment policies. For several years, I worked in the sector of professional integration then I accompanied managers of VSEs and SMEs on topics related to human resources, public employment policy, labor law and professional training.