Arms to Ukraine, what are the positions of Draghi, the M5s, the Pd and Fi

A long round of applause on March 1st. And the bipartisan approval of two resolutions voted by a very large majority. Five hundred and twenty yes in the House, 244 votes in the Senate. Thus began the political affair that guided the government in managing the war in Ukraine. All (or almost) united in support for the state led by Prime Minister Zelensky. Humanitarian and military support. But even then there were small signs of what would have been: in the Senate 11 members of the Movement, some on mission or justified, did not vote the motion. Seven defections from the League (WAR IN UKRAINE: THE SPECIAL – LIVE UPDATES).

The case of military spending


Ukraine, Berlusconi: “Italy at war because it sends weapons to Kiev”

The first real political arrhythmia comes from the increase in military spending. The government is aiming for a 2% increase by 2024, as per NATO agreements. Giuseppe Conte is not there (graphic with date) and on March 27 marks: we are the relative majority force and if it is a question of discussing a new address we will assert our presence. The government thus makes the majority fibrillate. The calm returns with an agreement that provides for an increase of 2%, but diluted until 2028. The rest of the majority up to that moment is solidly on the side of the government, or almost. Berlusconi, after weeks of silence, on April 9 clearly says: “Putin disappointed me. I thought he was a man of peace. Ukraine is an unprecedented aggression”.

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The Piave line of the M5s


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The war continues, the Italian commitment too. The majority are the same, but the sensitivities are beginning to change. On April 27, the 5 Star Movement traces its line of the Piave. No to offensive weapons, thunders Conte, who gathers her family and has it written down that the Movement opposes the sending of military aid that can go beyond the right of self-defense enshrined in Article 51 of the UN Charter. A thrust that widened the differences on the point with Luigi Di Maio, who as foreign minister signed the decrees on sending weapons to Ukraine.

Salvini’s pacifist turn

On the same day, Matteo Salvini’s pacifist turning point arrives: “Let’s meet to talk about peace, not just weapons, Italy must be the protagonist of the ceasefire”. Since that time, the yellow-green axis has been pursuing more and more Dragons. Conte wants him in Parliament for a vote on the political address. Salvini sees it and says enough weapons. Berlusconi in mid-May uses words that sound critical of the action of the White House and NATO, but narrowly denying that he wanted to fuel ambiguity. Even in some areas, albeit a minority one, of the PD there are doubts about the strategy of military support with no ifs and buts, despite Letta keeping the party substantially united on a clear line since the beginning of the war. It is easy to imagine that the more the conflict goes on, the more the political coherence of all forces will be even more severely tested.

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