The Free State of Bavaria may get another administrative district. The city of Munich is to be spun off from Upper Bavaria and then become the eighth independent district. Prime Minister Markus Söder said this in his keynote address to the members of the CSU parliamentary group at the winter retreat in Seeon Monastery on Wednesday. Söder based his plans on the enormous growth of the state capital. One had to consider whether the administrative structure was still correct and contemporary in terms of design.
With a population of one and a half million, Munich would be the fourth largest district in Bavaria after Upper Bavaria, Swabia and Middle Franconia – and thus larger than Lower Franconia, Lower Bavaria, the Upper Palatinate and Upper Franconia. The government districts have existed in their current form since the district reform under King Ludwig I in 1837/1838. During this time, the number of inhabitants in Bavaria tripled, increased sixfold in Upper Bavaria and increased eleven-fold in Munich, said Söder. He called his proposal a historic step.
A commission chaired by Interior Minister Joachim Herrmann (CSU) will deal with the establishment of its own government district in Munich. It is to be used after the local elections this spring. It should include representatives of the city, the district, the district government and experts. Söder cited the year 2023 as the target corridor. Then the state elections could already be organized in eight government districts. Munich would then also have its own list and would no longer be related to Upper Bavaria. However, a separate list would not have any impact on the election result. Nothing would change in the right to vote.
Söder said that in view of the challenges in Munich, it was important to start a new process. Munich is the third largest city in Germany. The two larger ones, Berlin and Hamburg, would even be ruled as city-states. That is not the goal for Munich. It is also not about increasing the influence of the state government on Munich, but rather about improving cooperation. A district government in Munich should take original care of the challenges of Munich and help to develop tailor-made solutions. Details are to be worked out in the commission, there are a lot of questions to be answered. A constitutional amendment may even be necessary to establish another district. This would require a two-thirds majority in the state parliament.
Söder emphasized the importance of Munich for the Free State. The state capital is the vital heart of Bavaria par excellence, the state government generally regards growth as positive. You don't want to do anything against Munich, you just want to accelerate wisely. A separate administrative district offers the opportunity to strengthen the metropolitan character and to improve the cooperation of the administrations. There can be no question of disempowering urban policy, rather its competencies would be strengthened. Munich should be upgraded. A territorial reform is not sought.
Söder's long-term plans for Munich fit into the second stage of the relocation, which he also presented to the parliamentary group. The government of Upper Bavaria is to be partially withdrawn from Munich. Of the currently 1,600 civil servants, 500 are to work in new locations in Ingolstadt and Rosenheim. This decentralized model is already practiced at the police headquarters, which are also located in Ingolstadt (Upper Bavaria North) and Rosenheim (Upper Bavaria South).
The concept serves to counter the uneven development in Bavaria, said Söder. As an employer, the state has a role model function. Rapidly growing conurbations should be relieved, shrinking regions should be promoted. As a first step in the relocation of authorities, more than 2,200 jobs should be moved to the countryside from 2015 to 2025. About 70 percent of the measures are being implemented. In the second step from 2020 to 2030, the state government plans to shift a total of 3,000 jobs – in significantly larger units than last, and all from Munich and Herrsching.
The principle of voluntary action also applies to a change of job, and no official is transferred against his will. The concept, which was led by Finance and Homeland Minister Albert Füracker (CSU), is primarily intended to strengthen regions in Upper and Lower Franconia and in the border regions. Kronach in Upper Franconia is to be given another 400 places at the university for public service and 70 positions for teaching staff. So far, the university with the department for finance was located in Herrsching in Upper Bavaria. In a first step, 200 training places have already been moved. Kronach will then have a total of 600 study places. Hof is to get the new police procurement office with 300 employees.
The processing office of the Munich tax office with 300 employees is to move to Lower Franconian Schweinfurt. Parts of the State Office for Health and Food Safety migrate to Bad Kissingen (100 employees). The Weiden area receives 300 officials from the State Office for Finance. The property tax office will bring 300 jobs to Zwiesel in Lower Bavaria. The administrative court is founded in the Freyung-Grafenau district with 40 employees. Lower Bavaria has so far been the only administrative district without an administrative court. The Bavarian Administrative Court with 120 employees will move completely to Ansbach in Central Franconia. Another 40 employees of the state attorney's office also come to Ansbach.
Parts of the Ministry of Housing, Construction and Transport with 200 employees will be relocated to Augsburg. This is primarily to be understood as a symbolic act. The Swabian district capital, third largest in Bavaria, also gets a small government seat. In Nuremberg, for example, parts of the home and health ministries are already located.
With a total of 2,331 new places, Munich is the biggest beneficiary of Söder's high-tech offensive. Instead of the 10,000 study places announced in the government declaration, the number now increases to a total of 13,244, of which 9,200 in the field of computer science and artificial intelligence. The concept developed by Minister of Science Bernd Sibler (CSU) provides that every university and college in the Free State will receive additional study places: Ingolstadt (212), Neuburg (740), Rosenheim (216), Waldkraiburg (42), Freising / Weihenstephan (114) , Passau (388), Deggendorf (481), parish churches (21), Landshut (243), Straubing (224), Uni and HAW Regensburg (658), Amberg / Weiden (105), Bamberg (388), Bayreuth (912) , Kulmbach (300), Coburg (54), Münchberg / Selb (54), Kronach (277), Erlangen / Nürnberg (751), TH Nürnberg (264), Ansbach 560, Triesdorf (75), Würzburg (612), Schweinfurt (146), Aschaffenburg (193), Augsburg (604), Kempten (160), Neu-Ulm (81).
. (tagsToTranslate) Politics in Bavaria (t) Relocation of authorities (t) CSU (t) Markus Söder (t) Politics in Munich (t) Bavaria (t) Süddeutsche Zeitung