On Tuesday, Palestinian Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah was assassinated. The blame for this is the Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas laid on the Hamas movement. The incident occurred during the first visit of Mr. Hamdallah to the Gaza Strip since the signing in October 2017 of an agreement on the reconciliation of Hamas and the second key Palestinian movement, Fatah. To achieve the main goal of the document – to create a government of national consent – is still not possible. According to the interlocutors of Kommersant in Palestine, the process of reconciliation is hampered by “many regional forces,” as well as by Israel and the United States. Although the preparation of a new plan for the settlement of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict is already being finalized in Washington, the Palestinians themselves do not believe in this initiative. Rami Hamdallah arrived in Gaza on Tuesday to take part in the opening of a desalination plant, the construction of which was financed by the Palestinian authorities. The ceremony was to show: although Fatah and Hamas did not reach a compromise on the implementation of last year’s reconciliation agreement, the consolidation process continues. Meanwhile, the motorcade of the head of the Palestinian government had not managed to cross the border of the Gaza Strip, the situation in which Hamas controlled for more than ten years, as a bomb exploded in its path. Seven people were easily injured, the prime minister himself was not injured.
Later, Mr. Hamdallah warned Hamas that any conspiracy could end with the separation of the Gaza Strip from the West Bank and East Jerusalem for good. “I will return to the Gaza Strip soon, and those who do not like it, let them drink water from the sea,” Mr. Hamdallah said, stressing that the isolation of the Gaza Strip does not benefit its residents and only a single Palestinian leadership can bring prosperity back to the region . In the opinion of the Palestinian authorities, if Hamas had completely transferred control of security in the sector to national leadership, the situation could be different. “Hamas is fully responsible for this cowardly attack,” said Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. Meanwhile, Hamas expressed regret over the position of the authorities and condemned the terrorist attack.
Recall, “Hamas” seized power in the Gaza Strip in 2007. As a result, the coastal part of Palestine was in an economic and political blockade. Attempts to reconcile between the “Fatah” and “Hamas” have been undertaken repeatedly. In early October in Cairo, the parties signed a regular agreement on reconciliation. On December 1, 2017, the government of national consent was to begin work. However, this did not happen. Among the disagreements between the movements is Hamas’s refusal to dissolve the military wing and from transferring taxes to the general Palestinian budget. According to the leader of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine, Naif Haavatme, the process of reconciliation is hampered by many regional forces, as well as Israel and the United States. “They will not accept at the negotiating table a government that will include those whom they consider terrorists,” the politician told Kommersant.
Meanwhile, the US is still striving for a more active role in the region. On Sunday, The New York Times reported that the administration of President Donald Trump is in the final stages of preparing a plan for the settlement of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. The Palestinians reject the mediation of the United States in advance. In particular, they announced a boycott of the donor conference in Washington on the settlement of the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip. As Naif Havatme told Kommersant, none of the Palestinians have yet seen the American plan, but according to such steps by the Washington administration as the recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and the reduction of the American contribution to the budget of the Middle East Relief Agency for Palestine refugees, it is clear what it will be like. “We want Palestine to be given the status of a UN member state, not an observer. We want this international organization to recognize us as a state under occupation and take responsibility for solving our problems. Negotiations should be held under the supervision of five permanent members of the UN Security Council, and their decisions must be fixed by a resolution that is binding on them, “the source told Kommersant. And he stressed that the US’s solicitation in the peace process, which lasted for the past 25 years, is now unacceptable for the Palestinians.
Marianna Belenkaya About how the Palestinian problem developed, – in the “Kommersant” photo gallery, Look
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