One of the biggest concerns regarding the health of pets is directly related to being overweight. That’s why it’s always worth emphasizing the importance of a balanced and nutritious diet combined with the practice of physical activities – especially for dogs.
Knowing the level of fat (or Body Mass Index – BMI) of animals is essential to get a sense of whether the pet is within the ideal weight. Studies point out that the index considered normal and healthy of body fat in dogs and cats is 15 to 20%.
According to veterinarian Andrea Nagata, on a daily basis, this measurement becomes a little more subjective, following numerical scales of the Body Condition Score
(method based on inspection and palpation of the patient and employing scales from one to nine).
How the tutor can know
“It is possible to have access to the Body Condition Score scale on the internet, but in general, the tutor must be able to observe a waist in the animals right after the end of the ribs, and they must be easily palpable so that the pet is in a score ideal body”, explains the veterinarian to Canal do Pet.
There are also predefined weight tables for animals based on breed and sex. According to Andrea, the scale also helps the tutor to know if the pet is within the weight considered adequate.
“It is also important to always ask the veterinarian to write down the weight of the pet on the vaccination card at all consultations to monitor whether the pet is gaining weight, maintaining it or losing weight”, he guides.
Illnesses can cause fat gain
Andrea warns that there are diseases that can increase the level of body fat in animals, among them are metabolic disorders such as hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing’s syndrome) and hypothyroidism, which need to be treated to also avoid several other problems for the health of animals.
Problems that excess fat can cause
Excess fat in the body stimulates inflammatory metabolic reactions, being potentially aggravating respiratory and heart problems, requiring greater effort from these organs; in addition to orthopedic problems, such as hip dysplasia, since excess weight overloads the joints in general.
“In addition, it can be a triggering factor for problems such as diabetes”, warns the veterinarian.
How to keep pet fat at proper levels
Andrea reinforces that offering the pet a balanced diet with adequate nutrient balance so that the pet always stays healthy, with the level of fat within the correct levels.
“It is also important that he feels satiated when he eats. Just like us, the practice of physical activities also helps in the longevity and quality of life of the pet”, he adds.
To ensure that pets always have help when needed, the iG Pet Health
offers tutors emergency consultations and even the option of transport to the vet. Check out these and other advantages of having a health plan designed especially for dogs and cats, for just R$ 24,90
in the first three months. Follow the Pet Channel also on Telegram!