Last night, four amendments were adopted by Jacob Rees-Mogg's European Research Group, which steer Mrs. May's soft Brexit plan harder.
But today pro-European Tories have a chance to avenge themselves with the Brexit Trade Bill.
Tory MPs Stephen Hammond and Nicky Morgan have tabled a new amendment to the current law that would force the government to remain in a customs union if British negotiators can not conclude a free trade agreement with Brussels by 21 January 2019.
Last night Brexiteers narrowly beat the Tory rebels with only three votes in two important changes.
The first goes back to Theresa May's white paper proposal to raise tariffs on behalf of the EU. The amendment means that this will only happen if the EU agrees to reciprocally reciprocate – causing 14 Tories to rebel.
The second amendment, which seeks to ensure that the United Kingdom remains outside the EU VAT system, was adopted with just under three votes after eleven Tory members voted against the government.
The entire bill was approved by the commons at 318 to 285.
As a result of yesterday's struggle, Defense Minister Guto Bebb resigned after voting against the government.
The vote on the Commercial Law has taken place throughout the afternoon, and the vote on the Customs Union will take place this evening around 6 pm.
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6:15 pm Update: Government defeated as MEPs vote for continued links with EU drug observers
MEPs voted by a slim majority to see Britain remain part of the EU drug framework after Brexit.
The new clause 17, submitted by former Justice Minister Phillip Lee, forces the government to "take all necessary steps" to conclude a trade agreement that would make Britain a member of the European Medicines Agency (EMA).
MEPs voted 305 to 301 for the amendment.
The EMA, which is currently based in London, will relocate to Amsterdam after Brexit and is tasked with evaluating the effectiveness of new medicines prior to the EU sale.
It also monitors the safety of products that are already on the market.
Prior to the vote, Pro-EU MP Ken Clarke had described the government's position that should leave the agency as "completely incomprehensible".
18.10 update: What is the Customs Union clause and what are its implications?
MEPs are preparing to vote on the government's "Brexit Trade Bill" on "New Clause 18" which, if passed, could force ministers to negotiate with Brussels on a customs union instead of continuing on to a clean one Break to urge.
Proposed by pro-EU Tories including Anna Soubry and Ken Clarke, the clause would give government until January 21, 2019, to reach a free trade agreement with the EU.
If no agreement is reached by 21 January, ministers would be forced to start talks for a customs union between the UK and the EU.
17:15 update: Customs union election – Rebels claim they have support to defeat the government
MEPs are getting ready to vote on an amendment that stipulates that the United Kingdom will remain in a customs union with the European Union if the negotiators can not reach an agreement by 21 January 2019.
Labor has pledged to support the motion, and a group of MEPs have also threatened to vote against the government.
MEPs voting against the government could mess up Ms May's highly competitive Checkers plan.
The vote is expected to be very close and expected to take place at around 18.30 this evening.
16 clock update: SNP novella defeated by a large majority
SNP MPs in the House of Commons had tabled an amendment to the Brexit Trade Act that would have required the approval of the UK's decentralized administrations before ministers could start negotiating free trade agreements.
MEPs voted by 316 against only 37, including the amendment – a large majority of 279.
3:30 pm Update: Caroline Lucas & # 39; defeated Trade Bill Change
The Commons debate on the Brexit Trade Act is under way, and parliamentarians have already put in place a number of legislative changes in the government.
An amendment tabled by Green Party co-chair Caroline Lucas aimed at strengthening the parliamentary scrutiny of future trade agreements and forcing ministers to publicize the sustainability effects of new agreements was forced to vote.
MEPs rejected the additional clause with 314 to 284 – a majority of 30.
The debate continues.
3 pm Update: Tory Chief Whip means business
Tory boss whip Julian Smith looks like he's serious. Sky News reports that he has rolled up his sleeves and is working on MPs.
The debate has not started yet.
14:05 update: Less than 15 minutes to the debate on the commercial law
Mrs. May is only moments away from another fight to trade with the Commons. The Commercial Law is technical and should not initially define a new trade policy.
An amendment will seek to force the government into a customs union with the EU if ministers fail to reach an agreement that provides for "a smooth free trade area for goods".
MEPs will vote on whether to start their summer break on Thursday, rather than next Tuesday, prompting critics to suggest that a Tory rebellion should reach its boiling point.
Theresa May is facing another showdown in the lower house today
14:10 update: Government could withdraw from the early summer movement
Former Tory minister Sir Christopher Chope said there was a "strong rumor" that the government would not prefer the petition to break the House of Commons over the resistance from across the House for the summer.
When he filed a motion in the House of Commons, he asked the Government to state whether it would enforce the motion or not.
Tory's former minister Sir Nicholas Soames described the petition as "idiotic" after raising a point of order earlier.
13:49 update: Demands a public inquiry into the Brexit referendum
Labor MP for Bristol North West tweeted: "BREAKING: I'm writing today to colleagues in Parliament to demand their support for a public inquiry into the Brexit referendum.
"If illegality can take place in our democracy, we need to move forward with reforms, please write to your MP to ask for his support!"
13:21 update: Sir Vince Cable breaks his silence
Lib Deme leader tweeted a statement by Chief Whip Alistair Carmichael to explain why he was missing in the crucial vote last night.
It said: "I did not expect a close vote – Labor wanted to abstain by 8 pm, which would mean that the election would be lost in the hundreds." In fact, several Labor MPs voted with the government – and have therefore won It turned out to be too late to get two of our MPs, Vince and Tim, to vote in good time, as it turned out.
"I take responsibility and double my efforts to stop Brexit.
"Today is a new day, we will debate the remaining phases of the Trade Law – and we will keep the feet of the government from the fire.
The official letter from MP Darren Jones
12:53 update: Another Tory rebellion brews together
MEPs will ascend for the summer break on July 24, but a petition filed on Monday evening would see the lower house rise on Thursday, with a vote drawn for Tuesday night.
However, Labor has instructed its MPs to vote against the movement, and several pro-European Tories have already indicated that they will oppose any attempt to bring the deadline to Brexit with so much work.
Nicholas Soames and Nick Boles were among the conservative parliamentarians who also indicated in the social media that they would oppose the move to an early end.
Mrs. May tries to count her votes
12:46 am Urgent question to the election commission for investigations and "Vote Leave" in order
Labor MP Chuka Umunna called for the urgent question and called for a full parliamentary inquiry. He questioned the validity of the referendum.
MP Chloe Smith MP said the report was an independent investigation.
She said, "The fact that the rules are broken means that the system actually works and we have a regulator that is capable of carrying out an independent investigation is a hallmark of our democracy."
Asked whether Theresa May still believes that the 2016 referendum is free and fair, the Prime Minister's official spokesman said: "The Prime Minister is absolutely sure that this was the biggest democratic exercise in our country.
"The public has made a clear judgment, and we will implement that."
Asked whether Ms. May would continue to trust former Vote Leave employees Stephen Parkinson and Cleo Watson who moved to Downing Street after the referendum, the spokesman said, "Yes."
Tory MP Sarah Wollaston calls for another referendum
12:25 update: Sinn Fein's rivals beat in their Wesmisnter abstention strategy
The two largest parties in the Republic of Ireland, Fine Gael and Fianna Fail, and the SDLP in Northern Ireland blame Sinn Fein's Westminster policy for the outcome of the election night.
They claim that changes secured by Brexitete undermine agreements between the UK and the EU aimed at avoiding a hard border in Ireland after Brexit.
Sinn Fein has seven MPs in Westminster. Neither of them takes their place on the basis of the party's centuries-old policy of abstaining.
In Northern Ireland, 56% of voters voted in favor. In Westminster, however, 10 of the 11 MPs from the region who occupy their seats are Democratic Unionists Brexiteers.
Labor Chancellor John McDonnell tweeted his intentions
12:20 pm update: Brexiteers urge the public to seize the opportunity of a no-deal Brexit
Behind the new Brexit Foreign Minister Dominc Raab, the supporters of the Alliance have gathered, focusing only on a "no deal" scenario.
Former Cabinet Minister Priti Patel said: "We should be free to forge new trade agreements around the world and leave EU protectionism, which is a positive thing to celebrate."
Former Tory leader Iain Duncan Smith added, "If we do not have a trade agreement with the EU, we are simply acting on the terms of the World Trade Organization, and most countries are acting together.
"It would not be madness, all the talk of getting out without a deal – we are not going down the road, we are moving towards WTO rules, just as EU-US trade is currently governing."
The European Union's new focus department is now focusing on no business planning, as Mr Raab's first big step is to redefine and restart his office after Mr Davis throws in the towel.
12:14 update: Survivors demand Labor MP Kate Hoey is AXED to support Brexit
The Labor MP, Kate Hoey, was asked to cancel her after she was one of three Labor MPs who voted last night with the government on a crucial change.
The pro-Brexit MP, along with Labor MP Frank Field, was photographed before the member of the European Research Group and recently resigned Brexit Minister Steve Baker in the House of Commons.
The official twitter account of their constituency @VauxhallLabour retweeted the photo with six sad face emojis.
The Vauxhall MP is one of three Labor MPs who vote with their Tory opponents on an amendment passed by only three votes. Ms Hoey, Frank Field and Graham Stringer voted on an amendment to ensure that the UK is no longer covered by the EU VAT regime.
It is unclear whether the Labor MPs will support the Tory rebels in today's vote on a change in the Commercial Code.
Tory MPs Stephen Hammond and Nicky Morgan have tabled a new amendment to the current Commercial Code, which would force the government to remain in the Customs Union if Brussels can not be persuaded to grant Britain a free trade zone by January 2019.
Express.co.uk has contacted Vauxhall Labor and the National Labor Party Offices for comment.
Laboratory election intentions are revealed
11:52 am update: The European Commission has seen the Brexit White Paper
A spokesperson for the European Commission said of the White Paper: "We saw it.
"We are now analyzing, we are discussing it with our Member States and the European Parliament."
Asked to comment on the House of Commons votes, the spokesman referred to the building of the EU Berlaymont Building: "In Westminster politics, I will certainly resist the temptation to go Westminster politics.
"We have enough Berlaymont policy to keep us busy."
Kate Hoey is facing talks that need to be canceled
11:49 update: Urgent question about the Electorla Commission's investigation into Vote Leave
It will take place at 12:30. It was granted Labor MP Chuka Umunna by the House Speaker John Bercow.
The Brexit election campaign group Vote Leave has been fined and has been referred to the police for violating the right to vote. This is clear from the results published this morning by the Electoral Commission.
The Electoral Commission concluded that after the start of its investigation, the organization "submitted an incomplete and inaccurate report".
The independent panel concluded that Vote Leave referendum expenditure was £ 7,449,079.34, exceeding the £ 7m legal spending limit.
Total penalties are £ 61,000 for Vote Leave, £ 20,000 for Mr. Grimes and £ 250 for Veterans for Britain.
New Brexit secretary Dominic Raab leaves Downing Street
11:26 update: Today's House of Commons program
1130 questions of business, energy and industry strategy
1230 An urgent question on the election commission's inquiry into the electoral commission
1315 Statement by Secretary of Defense Gavin Williamson on the Combat Flight Strategy
1400 A 10-minute rule movement on anti-loitering devices (prescription)
1415 Trade Bill – Remaining phases – May next showdown
Parking (Code of Practice) Bill – ways and means resolution
The request for early summer break is expected to be made after 1900. If rejected, the division will be deferred until 18 July. It will be a written vote.
Kevin Schofield, editor-in-chief of Politics Home, confirmed that Labor will vote against an early break.
11:11 update: Mr. Farron's statement comes when he and the current leader of lib Demok have caught fire because he has not gone to the polls
There were no official comments from Sir Vince, although both were widely condemned by Remainers on social media.
Mr. Farron gave a lecture at Sherborne Town Hall in Dorset, explaining how he relates his controversial views as an evangelical Christian to a liberal politician and Sir Vince attending a meeting outside of Parliament.
When Lib Dem Brexit spokesman Tom Brake was asked last night if he did not vote, he said the party leaders did not expect such a close result.
A source of Lib Dem said, "Vince had an important meeting with Parliament, which was approved by the whips, and nobody thought these changes would ever be so close.
"The Checkers plan is not feasible in any way and our goal is to stop Brexit, and these changes will not make it more workable, the whole thing is not practical."
The government adopted two amendments with only three votes
10:42 update: Also on the table for today
MEPs today vote on whether to start their summer break on Thursday instead of next Tuesday.
This move is likely to outrage many of the public concerned who have been worried about the differences over Brexit and the ticking clock that counts until the exit day.
But an early holiday would prevent Tory MPs from opposing the increasingly politically fragile prime minister.
10:38 update: Former Liberal Democrat leader Tim Farron publishes an explanation why he was not elected to the House of Commons
Mr. Farron said he did not expect the vote to be so close and that "the Tories deserve no luck".
He tweeted, "I was authorized to attend the vote last night for a previously arranged engagement, no one expected the vote to be so close, we clearly misclassified it, as did Labor, and I take full responsibility my part – the Tories do not deserve happiness. "
His full statement states: "I have been authorized to be absent due to a previously agreed engagement outside of Parliament.
"In the end, no one expected the vote to be as close as it was – I could have actually started the engagement earlier, but then, unchallenged, because we expected Labor to hold its own and the government win miles and miles.
"We have clearly misnamed it, as well as Labor, I take full responsibility for myself, the Tories do not deserve happiness, I am so sorry that I inadvertently gave them something."
Mr Farron is expected to vote tonight.
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9:58 am Update: Spin Doctor calls for a second recommendation
Alastair Campbell said it was "time to think again".
He tweeted: "BREXIT – Chaos in Commons. Crime in holiday campaign. Met standard of living. Betrayal of our alleged ally after Brexit. Maybe it's time to think again
9:16 am Update: The remains were ready to retire
Pro Europa-Tory rebel Heidi Allen suggested that she and the Remain camp drop their own amendments to the Checkers deal before the "extreme last-minute maneuver" of the European Research Group.
She said today, "What was agreed with Checkers was not perfect for us, it was not perfect for Leavers as well, but the Prime Minister has worked extremely hard to find a decent first place to put the EU ahead of it.
"We were all ready to drop all of our amendments and support them, and then suddenly we had these rather extreme ERG last-minute maneuvers that seemed to us to dissuade the Prime Minister from their plan and we were not ready to do so do that – or at least try. "
8:52 am Update: No second referendum
Mr Fox responds to the call for a second referendum with the words: "What if we have a referendum and we go the other way, do we have the best of three?"
He also defended the move to cut down the parliamentary session.
He said, "Well, of course, you have to differentiate between parliament and government because the government does not stop at break."
8:37 am Update: Assurances in the early morning
Foreign Trade Minister Liam Fox insisted that the cabinet compromise compromise on Brexit was not dead.
He told BBC Radio 4's Today program: "The wording of yesterday's amendment was very much in line with the wording of the government's White Paper.
"It actually looked like a bit from the white paper."
Mr. Fox said he wanted a "people's Brexit".
He added, "We can not satisfy everyone.
"We need to adopt a compromise position that will allow the country to reach an agreement with the European Union.
"Here in the UK there is far too much negative, self-doubting pessimism in this process."