Bavaria is preparing for the EU's exit from the UK and fears serious consequences. Theresa May's chief negotiator was overheard by a reporter. The news ticker for Brexit.

  • Brexit: Great Britain is expected to leave the EU on 29 March – there is still no "deal" on the framework conditions.
  • Prime Minister Theresa May is standing with her back to the wall. Their deal has failed the lower house.
  • The danger of a "hard Brexit" increases – with potentially drastic consequences for the island.
  • The EU has repeatedly ruled out the hoped-for renegotiations on the island.
  • Britain and Switzerland signed a bilateral trade agreement on Monday.
  • Michel Barnier, Brexit's chief negotiator for the EU, now demands that "things have to move on the British side". All news of the past days can be found here.

>> << UPDATE<">>>> <<< UPDATE

2.30 pm:

The operator of the Channel Tunnel under the English Channel tightened because of the UK's exit from the EU controls: On the French and British side of the tunnel nine devices for automated face recognition are set up, as the operating company Getlink announced on Wednesday. Beginning in April, travelers will need to scan their passport and have their face data checked by a camera. The new machines only accept biometric passports.

The technology is supposed to relieve the border police and make the controls "smoother and safer," as Getlink emphasized. Similar systems for automated face recognition are already available at German airports, including in Frankfurt am Main.

Affected by the tightened controls are initially the more than 50,000 annual bus travelers who drive with transport trains through the Eurotunnel. After that, they should also be extended to drivers and train travelers. Brexit is scheduled for March 29th.

2.30 pm:

Switzerland has set a maximum residence permit for British citizens in the event of a disorderly Brexit. In total, in the case by the end of the year no more than 3500 Britons are allowed to enter Switzerland to take up work, as the government decided on Wednesday.

The situation is different when the negotiated agreement between the EU and London enters into force before the planned withdrawal on 29 March. Then, during a transitional period until the end of 2020, the current freedom of movement provisions between Switzerland and the EU, which would also include the United Kingdom, will apply. Tourists visits are not affected.

12:50: In the struggle for the Brexit exchange, British Prime Minister Theresa May may not expect an uprising by the EU-friendly Members of Parliament until the end of February.

A bipartisan group led by Labor MP Yvette Cooper, according to media reports, only on February 27, trying to enforce a no-deal emergency brake against the will of the government.

The plan envisages forcing May to postpone Brexit should it not be successful with its withdrawal agreement by the middle of next month. Britain wants to leave the European Union on 29th March. An opportunity on Thursday, when the parliament voted on the further Brexit steps, wants to let the rebels pass accordingly.

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Brexit: Reporter overhears May's chief bargain bar and reports explosive details

12:10: From the point of view of the Bundesbank, many German companies are not prepared for the imminent withdrawal of Britain from the EU. "The financial supervision and the banks have made great efforts to prepare for a hard Brexit," said Bundesbank executive Joachim Wuermeling the "Handelsblatt" from Wednesday. "It worries me, however, that many corporate clients of the institutes have so far been insufficiently occupied with the consequences of Brexit for their financial transactions."

Many contracts would have to be adjusted so that business could continue even after a hard Brexit, warned Wuermeling.

10.05 clock: Most explosive: Angus Walker is employed by UK broadcaster ITV. And the journalist tells of a lucky coincidence on Monday evening: Walker in a hotel bar in Brussels to have overheard a conversation on Monday evening by the British Brexit chief negotiator Olly Robbins with two colleagues.

He supposedly could not understand every word, Walker writes. But Robbins has set out his government's Brexit strategy. Spicy: The chief negotiator apparently expects the lower house to agree in March either an amended withdrawal agreement – or an extension of the Brexit period.

Robbins said: "The extension is possible, but if they (the delegates, note) do not vote for the deal, then the extension is a long." And: "In the end, they (EU negotiator, note) us probably simply an extension, "Walker quotes the British.

The topic is getting explosive, as Prime Minister May has always ruled out the EU exit scheduled for 29 March. May is still struggling to bring the negotiated exit agreement with the EU through Parliament. On Tuesday she requested more time in the lower house.

A date for the re-vote on the contract is not yet known. If Robbins' statements are correct, they confirm the view of some that the British government was probably playing for time.

Brexit: Bavaria fears serious consequences

8.30 am: Bavaria is preparing for the EU's exit from the UK. On Wednesday afternoon, the state parliament discusses the draft of a Bavarian Brexit transitional law. With the law, the state government wants to make the EU exit of the British for Bavaria as smoothly as possible. Thus, the United Kingdom should continue to be treated as a member state of the EU for a transitional period. However, this only applies if the British Parliament still agrees with the withdrawal agreement negotiated with the EU.

According to the Ministry of Economic Affairs, a Brexit without agreement would hit the pharmaceutical industry and carmakers in Bavaria hardest. To avoid possible negative effects – such as bottlenecks in medical care -, the state government is preparing more for an unregulated exit from Britain, said State Chancellor Florian Herrmann (CSU) last week.

Comment to the Brexit: "Role in the international power structure overestimated"

Update on February 13, 2019, 8:25 pm: The Handelsblatt writes on Brexit's British trade illusions: "Divided by the dispute over a customs union and membership of the EU single market, sovereignty and control over money, legislation and borders threatens to break the country's fate clearer than the poor track record of British Trade Minister Liam Fox, who signed a trade agreement with Switzerland on Monday in Bern, and as much as the agreement in London is praised as progress – it is a sign of Britain's future role in the US international power structure overestimated. "

May violently offended by deputy – EU passes emergency plan – News from Tuesday

19:35: Due to the threat of chaotic Brexit, the European Commission has adopted a contingency plan for rail transport. The agency proposed on Tuesday that in the event of a UK exit without agreement, the "certain rail infrastructure" safety permits would remain "valid for three months". This was aimed in particular at train traffic through the Channel Tunnel between Great Britain and France.

The transitional solution was "conditional on the United Kingdom maintaining safety standards in line with EU requirements," the Commission said. In addition, it was "crucial" that affected railway companies and national authorities ensured that drivers' licenses for train drivers and other safety standards complied with EU rules.

The EU wants to adopt a whole series of legal acts in order to be prepared for the case of a disorderly Brexit at the end of March. The proposal on rail transport still needs to be approved by the European Parliament and the Member States.

TUI threaten drastic changes

16:20: About what a Brexit would mean in economic terms without any agreement for Ireland, now professed economic Professor Brian Lucey of Trinity College in Dublin publicly. Economically, Lucey believes, a no-deal Brexit for Ireland would be tough but not a disaster. For decades, Dublin has been working to reduce its economic dependence on Britain. This development will accelerate, so Lucey. Ireland would probably lose seven percent of its growth over a 15-year period. That would be one third of the damage done by the financial and economic crisis of 2008-09.

Hard to digest would be the job losses. It is estimated that up to 50,000 jobs could be lost in Ireland through a no-deal-Brexit because of particularly labor-intensive industries such as agriculture. "This is highly problematic in an economy with two to three million employees," says Lucey.

TUI face drastic changes in the face of Brexit

3:38 pm: The travel company Tui hopes in view of the upcoming Brexit on a regulation of flight rights at the last minute. In the event of an unregulated EU exit from the UK, he relied on a special arrangement in which the airlines retained their take-off and landing rights regardless of their ownership structure, said Tui CEO Fritz Joussen on Tuesday at the Group's Annual General Meeting in Hanover. If this does not succeed, Tui would have to change its corporate structures in a few weeks' time with its own airlines, so that Tuifly, for the most part, would now be EU-owned.

The travel group currently has to fear for the operation of its airlines, such as Tuifly and Tui Airways, because after an unregulated Brexit it would no longer be majority owned by shareholders from the European Economic Area. As a result, its subsidiaries are no longer allowed to fly on routes within the EU.

Today, Tui is completing the odds, Joussen said. "But 30 percent of the shareholders are British, and fall out of consideration on 29 March." Another 25 percent of the shares belong to the Russian Alexei Mordashov. Other airlines and travel group Thomas Cook are also preparing themselves for all eventualities in view of the uncertain legal situation.

14:44: Theresa May called on her parliament in the Brexit debate to "keep her nerves in order to achieve the changes that this House demands and to make Brexit a reality on time."

But this seems to be very difficult for some Members. Theresa May was in the process of detailing questions from Scottish National Party (SNP) Chairman Ian Blackford when he suddenly yelled "Liar!" At the government bank. Blackford had previously sharply attacked May, accusing her of living in a "parallel world". This triggered a kind of turmoil in the lower house, reports the picture.

Famous parliamentary president John Bercow called for order, reassured Parliament, then called Blackford to immediately withdraw his submission. Such a dishonorable insinuation was not accepted in the honorable house.

The strongman of the Scottish National Party (SNP) at Westminster, Ian Blackford.

© AFP / HO

Criticism also came from Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn. After the speech, May accused May of playing for time and blackmailing parliamentarians with her policies. "The Brexit clock is ticking down," said the opposition politician.

The Prime Minister set a deadline of 27 February. Should it not be able to present a revised agreement for a vote, then Parliament should decide for itself how Brexit will continue. Brexit chaos is obviously approaching.

"Keep your nerve!" May announces new status of Brexit negotiations and warns

10:51 am: Only about six weeks before Brexit, British Prime Minister Theresa May appeals to parliamentarians in London to "keep her nerve". "The talks are in a decisive phase," it said in the text spread in advance in excerpts, which the head of government wanted to keep on Tuesday in the lower house.

In the statement, May asks MEPs for more support. The withdrawal from the European Union must be completed on time. "I believe we can reach a deal that Parliament can support." Among other things, this could be done through changes to the backstop and strengthening Parliament's role in the next phase of negotiations, the Prime Minister said.

9:59 am: British Prime Minister Theresa May will make a statement in parliament on the state of the Brexit negotiations this Tuesday (at about 13.30 CET). On Thursday, MEPs in the lower house will then vote on further steps in the Brexit process. Britain wants to leave the community of states on March 29th.

These were the Brexit news about May & Co. on Monday

21:35: British Defense Secretary Gavin Williamson presented plans for reinforcing the army after Brexit on Monday. He mentioned, inter alia, "swarm squadrons" of networked drones, which should confuse and overwhelm the enemy air defense. Leaving the European Union is an opportunity for Britain to strengthen its "global presence," the minister said in a speech at the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI). Williamson announced seven million pounds (eight million euros) of investment for the drones. According to him, these should be ready for use by the end of the year.

Britain will also invest £ 65 million to bolster offensive cyber capabilities. In addition, it is planned to provide the Navy with two new multipurpose vessels.

Will upgrade after Brexit: British Defense Secretary Gavin Williamson.

© AFP / TOLGA AKMEN

4:15 pm: The EU's Brexit chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, has called for Britain to "clarify" the course on leaving the European Union. "There has to be some movement on the British side," said Barnier in Luxembourg on Monday. During his meeting with British Prime Minister Stephen Barclay in the evening, he intends to explore whether "changes" to a political declaration accompanying the withdrawal agreement could be part of a solution.

The British House of Commons had clearly rejected the withdrawal agreement in mid-January and demanded improvements. This rejects the EU strictly. It is only prepared to supplement the political statement on future relations. On Monday evening in Brussels, the chief negotiators of both sides meet for the first time since November, when the withdrawal agreement was completed.

Barnier considers the letter from Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn to be "interesting"

Conservative Prime Minister Theresa May on Sunday rejected Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn's call for Britain to remain in the Customs Union with the EU. Barnier described Corbyn's letter to May with several demands as "interesting – in tone and in substance". He pointed out that May had herself announced that she wanted "a dialogue with the opposition".

Luxemburg's head of government Xavier Bettel was irritated by the domestic blockade in the UK. After all, it was not the EU that wanted Brexit, he said at a joint press conference with Barnier. The responsibility lies in London. This also applies to a possible chaotic exit of the "United Kingdom".

Brexit chaos has a negative impact on British economic growth

2.10 pm: The uncertainties surrounding Brexit are slowing down British economic growth. Gross domestic product (GDP) grew by only 1.4 percent in 2018, the weakest increase since 2012, the British statistics agency said on Monday.

In 2017, the British economy grew by 1.8 percent. In the past year, things went well up until the summer. In the fourth quarter, however, GDP only climbed by 0.2 percent quarter on quarter. In December, it even shrank slightly.

Corporate investment declined 1.4 percent in the last quarter of 2018, the fourth quarter in a row. The situation was similarly poor during the financial crisis. Even households, so far almost unconcerned in their consumption behavior, spent only 0.4 percent more in the last quarter.

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Great Britain and Switzerland signed trade agreements

13:36: Britain and Switzerland have agreed on a post-Brexit bilateral trade agreement. British Minister of International Trade Liam Fox and Switzerland's Economy Minister Guy Parmelin signed the agreement on Monday in Bern. It would allow the continuation of the "healthy economic and trade relations" of both countries if Britain were no longer part of the EU, the Swiss government said.

Switzerland is not an EU member, its relations with Great Britain are regulated by bilateral agreements between Berne and Brussels. Should there be an orderly Brexit, the bilateral treaties between Switzerland and the EU continue to be valid for relations with Great Britain until the end of the transitional period, it was said from Bern. However, if it comes to a tough Brexit, the new trade agreement "will enter into force on 30 March 2019".

Great Britain is one of Switzerland's most important trading partners. Thus, the Alpine country sent 2017 exports in the amount of the equivalent of 10.1 billion euros to the island. This made Great Britain the sixth largest export market for Switzerland. In reverse, Switzerland is Britain's fourth most important trading partner outside the EU.

Brexit: Secretary of Defense with vehement statement – Unity with Trump over NATO

13:16: Prime Minister Theresa May will make a statement in parliament on the state of Brexit talks this Tuesday. This was confirmed by a government spokesman on Monday of the German Press Agency in London.

This should give Parliament more time to "digest the content," as the British news agency PA reported. A time for the declaration has not yet been announced. Earlier, it was said May would make the statement by Wednesday at the latest.

For Thursday, a referendum on the further steps in the Brexit process is still planned in the lower house. Britain wants to leave the European Union on 29th March.

10.36 clock: British Defense Secretary Gavin Williamson wants to strengthen the military after his country leaves the EU. The Brexit has brought us to a great moment in our history. A moment in which we must strengthen our global presence, increase our deadly effectiveness and increase our weight, "says the manuscript for a speech that Williamson wants to hold in London on Monday spiegel.de, A fierce statement.

The manuscript also states that the borders between peace and war are blurred, and that Britain and its allies must be prepared to use force "to support our interests." According to spiegel.de, it says: "We can build new alliances, reawaken the old and, above all, make it clear that we are the country that will act when needed. And that we are a nation people can turn to when the world needs leadership. "

In addition, the UK Secretary of Defense seems to want NATO countries to increase spending, much like US President Donald Trump. The alliance should be better able to respond to "Russian provocations".

Brexit chaos: May rejects demand from opposition

6:55: In the struggle for Brexit, British Prime Minister Theresa May has rejected opposition leader Jeremy Corbyn's proposal to maintain a permanent customs union with the EU. In a letter to the Labor leader, from which British media quoted on Monday, she was also ready for further talks with the opposition. She agreed with Corbyn that there should be no new elections or a second referendum.

Britain wants to leave the European Union on 29th March. The contract on the modalities of withdrawal, which May had negotiated with the EU, came through in the British parliament in mid-January. Many MPs from May's Conservative Party also voted against the deal. Corbyn announced May's support for his party last week if it accepted a customs union and a link to the EU single market.

A customs union could maintain an open border between the United Kingdom's Northern Ireland and the EU Member Ireland after Brexit. A "hard" border on the island, however, fears a resurgence of the bloody Northern Ireland conflict.

Corbyn also argued that in the case of a customs union, Britain would have a say in future EU trade agreements. May, however, sees the freedom of action of London limited. "I do not know why you believe that a say in future EU trade agreements would be preferable to the ability to negotiate own agreements," she writes.

The news from 10th February: 100,000 jobs also endangered in Germany

19:36: For the first time since the conclusion of the Brexit negotiations in November, the chief negotiators of the EU and Great Britain will meet again on Monday. EU negotiator Michel Barnier meets British Brexit Minister Stephen Barclay in Brussels this evening. The British House of Commons had clearly rejected the withdrawal agreement in mid-January and demanded improvements. This is rejected by the EU. It is only prepared for clarification in a political statement on future relations.

Prime Minister Theresa May had proposed several options during a visit to Brussels on Thursday to get the Brexit Treaty through the British House of Commons. These should be checked by experts from both sides. The EU does not want to talk about resuming negotiations.

12.00: Several people in the UK start to hamster. James Blake from Leeds in the north of the country benefits from this with his Brexit emergency boxes. A box contains over 100 meals and a water purifier, as Blake reported to the German Press Agency. A 22-kilogram de-luxe variety even brings it to 157 meals, including cheese macaroni, rice pudding, sweet-sour or spicy chicken and scrambled eggs. There is also a gel for lighting a fire. Everything lasted 25 years, reported the astute CEO of Emergency Food Storage UK. The precious box has its price of about 600 British pounds (almost 700 euros) but also its price, the normal emergency box is to get for half. Blake has already sold a total of more than 600 boxes.

11.40 clock: According to media reports, Theresa May wants to ask Parliament in London for more time for further negotiations with the EU on Brexit. The BBC and the "Telegraph" reported on Sunday, citing government sources. May will make a statement in Parliament on the state of negotiations by Wednesday at the latest. On Thursday should be voted on the way forward.

A government spokeswoman confirmed at the request of the German Press Agency that the 27th of February is already scheduled as a date for further explanation, even then the Parliament would have another opportunity to vote on what to do next.

Update from February 10, 2019, 6:54 am: Would a tough Brexit affect jobs in Germany? Economists are risking a forecast for Britain's disorderly exit from the EU. As tagesschau.de reports in relation to "Welt am Sonntag", more than 100,000 jobs in Germany are at risk according to economists. This is stated in a study by the Leibniz Institute for Economic Research Halle (IWH). It also states that effects "would be noticeable above all at the automobile locations". Researcher Oliver Holtemöller is quoted as saying that the employment effects of a hard Brexit would be particularly noticeable at the automobile locations. "Particularly hard cuts would result in an uncontrolled departure of the British for employees in Wolfsburg and in Lower Bavaria Dingolfing-Landauas the analysis showed. This is because Volkswagen and BMW, together with automotive suppliers, were the largest employers.

Brexit: Many companies from the UK move to the Netherlands

8:15 pm: The Netherlands has already benefited significantly from the upcoming Brexit. Forty-two British companies moved to the Netherlands in 2018, the Ministry of Economic Affairs said in The Hague on Saturday. This involved around 291 million euros of investment and around 2,000 new jobs had been created.

Among the companies and organizations that have turned their back on the UK is the European Medicines Agency EMA, which is now based in Amsterdam. The Japanese electronics group Panasonic also moved its European headquarters to the Netherlands. By 2017, 18 companies had moved from the UK to the Netherlands.

According to the annual report of the Dutch Agency for Foreign Investment, another 250 companies are planning to move to the Netherlands because of the Brexit. According to the agency, these included, above all, companies from the financial sector as well as media and logistics companies. The TV station Discovery and the media company Bloomberg have announced their move.

Schäuble can even win Brexit something good – British hope for "legend" Merkel

13:03: Bundestag President Wolfgang Schäuble can also make a positive impression of Brexit. "I wish the British stayed in the EU. But if Brexit at least leads to uniting the remaining members, then he would have had something good, "said Schäuble in a Friday published interview with the" WirtschaftsWoche ". "The departure of the British shows at once what we have about the EU. And all the voices that dreamed of Frexit or Italexit suddenly fell silent. "

Schäuble therefore considers it possible that the British could revise their exit at a later date. "Who knows, maybe one day the British will return to the EU? At the core, I think that is just as impossible as, perhaps at some point, Switzerland's accession. Maybe one day there will be a new referendum on rejoining, "said Schäuble.

10.03 clock: The London Guardian's heartfelt words on Mays Brexit's tactics: "Her approach continues to be a miserable attempt to bind Britain to leave the EU, with no significant guarantees for jobs, the economy, future generations and their place contains in the world. The millions of people who want Britain to be tightly bound to Europe, and perhaps even persuaded to accept a serious option of soft Brexit, are being sacrificed on the altar for a fraudulent, short-term solution by which the various groups of Tory Party. "

Brexit: Merkel should help May

6:50: Is that correct? Theresa May is set to Angela Merkel in the Brexit clutter. "Merkel is waiting for London to make concrete proposals on how to resolve the controversial backstop issue through a combination of technology and sophisticated customs measures. Dublin will then come under great pressure to work constructively with London over the coming weeks, "the Times newspaper quoted sources around the Chancellor.

Chancellor Merkel in Slovakia.

© dpa / Omar Marques

Another contradicts: "It is a British legend that Angela Merkel will solve the problem," said the CDU MEP Elmar Brok in conversation with world reports on Berlin interventions. "We do not give up the integrity of the single market. It is as important to us as it is to the integrity of the United Kingdom for the British. "

In Brussels, according to the world reports are also back, in which it is said that Merkel put pressure on the Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar. That the key is still in Dublin, but not a secret, the world wants to have learned from EU circles.

News about May and Brexit on Thursday

19:39: Theresa May confirmed on her visit to Brussels that she would "deliver" Brexit. However, this proves difficult, after all, the British House of Commons called for changes to the withdrawal agreement. That in turn rejects the EU strictly. Nevertheless, EU and May are keen to avoid "no-deal-brexit" – and may have found a backdoor that could help both sides.

Speaking to May on Thursday in Brussels on Thursday, Brexit representative of the European Parliament Guy Verhofstadt and parliamentary president Antonio Tajani should have made a proposal to the Prime Minister, according to a report by the European Parliament mirror könnte die politische Erklärung über die künftigen Beziehungen zwischen Großbritannien und EU dem Austrittsabkommen als Anhang beigefügt werden.

Einerseits würde damit die bis jetzt unverbindliche Erklärung dadurch Rechtskraft erhalten. Andererseits ist die EU offenbar bereit an dieser Erklärung noch Änderungen vorzunehmen, während man das Austrittsabkommen an sich nicht mehr antasten möchte. Mit dem Anhang-Trick könnte die EU genau diese Forderung beibehalten. Gleichzeitig könnte dies Theresa May helfen, die dem britischen Unterhaus so rechtskräftige Änderungen am Brexit-Vertrag präsentieren könnte.

Allerdings ist unklar, ob dieser Vorschlag wirklich den Befreiungsschlag für die stockenden Brexit-Verhandlungen darstellt: Es sei nicht klar, was die Idee inhaltlich genau bedeute, hieß es.

Antonio Tajani, Präsident des Europäischen Parlaments, schüttelt die Hand von Theresa May, Premierministerin von Großbritannien.

© dpa / Francisco Seco

„Ich werde liefern“: May gibt EU Brexit-Versprechen – und stellt Forderungen

17.54 Uhr: Angesichts der gescheiterten Ratifizierung des Brexit-Abkommens im britischen Unterhaus schicken London und Brüssel jetzt wieder ihre Chefunterhändler ins Rennen. EU-Verhandlungsführer Michel Barnier werde am Montag mit Brexit-Minister Stephen Barclay zusammenkommen, teilte die EU-Kommission am Donnerstag mit. Bei einem Treffen mit Premierministerin Theresa May bot EU-Kommissionspräsident Jean-Claude Juncker allerdings nur Änderungen an einer politischen Erklärung zu den künftigen Beziehungen an und nicht am Austrittsabkommen.

May und Juncker wollten sich erneut vor Ende Februar treffen, hieß es in der gemeinsamen Erklärung beider Seiten. Barnier und Barclay sollen laut einem Kommissionssprecher am Montag in Straßburg zusammenkommen. Es ist das erste Treffen der obersten Brexit-Unterhändler beider Seiten, seitdem die Verhandlungen über den Austrittsvertrag im November abgeschlossen wurden.

„Ich werde liefern“: May gibt EU Brexit-Versprechen – und stellt Forderungen

16.54 Uhr: Die britische Premierministerin Theresa May will den Austritt aus der EU wie vorgesehen Ende März vollziehen. "Ich werde beim Brexit liefern, ich werde pünktlich liefern", sagte May nach einem Treffen mit EU-Ratspräsident Donald Tusk am Donnerstag in Brüssel. Sie wolle "in den kommenden Tagen hart verhandeln, um genau das zu tun". Tusk erklärte, es sei "noch kein Durchbruch in Sicht".

Die EU lehnt Änderungen an dem ausgehandelten Austrittsvertrag ab. May bekräftigte nach dem Treffen mit Tusk aber weiter, dass sie "rechtlich bindende Änderungen" an dem Abkommen wolle. Nur so könne den Bedenken der Abgeordneten im britischen Unterhaus Rechnung getragen werden, das den Brexit-Vertrag Mitte Januar klar abgelehnt hatte.

Konkret nannte die Premierministerin die Auffanglösung für Nordirland, welche eine Wiedereinführung von Grenzkontrollen zu Irland verhindern soll. Nach ihr müsste das Vereinigte Königreich bis auf weiteres in einer Zollunion mit der EU bleiben, wenn in einer Übergangsphase keine bessere Lösung gefunden wird. Diese sogenannte Backstop-Vereinbarung lehnen die Brexit-Hardliner in Großbritannien kategorisch ab.

Brexit: Bank of England hat „bad news“ aus der Wirtschaft

16.12 Uhr: Der Brexit-Beauftragte des Europaparlaments, Guy Verhofstadt, hat Regierung und Opposition in Großbritannien zur Zusammenarbeit beim EU-Austritt aufgefordert. In dem Zusammenhang begrüßte Verhofstadt am Donnerstag ein Angebot von Labour-Chef Jeremy Corbyn, die britische Premierministerin Theresa May unter bestimmten Bedingungen zu unterstützen.

Verhofstadt äußerte sich gemeinsam mit EU-Parlamentspräsident Antonio Tajani nach einem Gespräch mit May in Brüssel. Tajani begrüßte die Ankündigung neuer Gespräche beider Seiten, zumal ein ungeregelter Brexit nach seinen Worten eine Katastrophe wäre. „Wir müssen mit Großbritannien reden, reden, reden“, sagte Tajani. Verhofstadt sagte: „Ein 'No-Deal' ist für uns keine Option, es wäre ein Desaster auf beiden Seiten des Kanals.“

15.39 Uhr: Die Bank of England sieht die britische Wirtschaft nicht für einen ungeordneten EU-Austritt des Landes gerüstet. "Obwohl viele Unternehmen ihre Notfallplanungen verstärkt haben, ist die Wirtschaft als Ganzes weiterhin noch nicht vorbereitet auf einen übergangslosen Brexit ohne Abkommen", sagte Notenbankchef Mark Carney am Donnerstag. Der "Nebel des Brexit" sorge für Unsicherheit.

"Angesichts des Verlaufs der Brexit-Verhandlungen gehen wir davon aus, dass die Unsicherheit noch eine Weile erhöht bleibt", sagte Carney. Umfragen der Bank of England zeigten, dass die Unternehmen im Fall eines harten Brexit damit rechneten, weniger zu produzieren und zu investieren und weniger Mitarbeiter einzustellen.

Auch wegen der Ungewissheiten rund um den Brexit senkte die Notenbank am Donnerstag ihre Wachstumsprognose deutlich. Für das laufende Jahr sei ein Plus von 1,2 Prozent zu erwarten, teilte sie mit – im November hatte sie noch mit 1,7 Prozent gerechnet. Den Ausblick für kommendes Jahr senkte die Bank of England von 1,7 auf 1,5 Prozent. Neben dem Brexit führte sie die allgemein eingetrübte Weltkonjunktur als Grund an.

Corbyn-Brief an May mit fünf Bedingungen für Ja zu Brexit-Abkommen

15.06 Uhr: Der britische Oppositionsführer Jeremy Corbyn hat in einem Schreiben an Premierministerin Theresa May fünf Bedingungen für die Zustimmung seiner Labour-Partei zu einem Austrittsabkommen mit der EU formuliert. Allein ein paar Änderungen an den bestehenden Bedingungen der sogenannten Backstop-Lösung für Nordirland seien aus seiner Sicht keine "glaubwürdige oder ausreichende Antwort", mahnte Corbyn am Donnerstag in dem Schreiben. Vielmehr müsse May von ihren "roten Linien" in den Brexit-Verhandlungen abrücken.

Corbyn fordert unter anderem, dass das gesamte Vereinigte Königreich in einer Zollunion mit der EU bleibt – "mit gemeinsamen Außenzöllen und einem Abkommen über die Handelspolitik", das Großbritannien ein Mitspracherecht bei künftigen Handelsabkommen der EU sichere. Außerdem verlangt der Labour-Chef eine direkte Anbindung seines Landes an den gemeinsamen Binnenmarkt mit "gemeinsamen Institutionen und Verpflichtungen".

Zu Corbyns übrigen Bedingungen zählen eine Zusammenarbeit mit der EU in Bereichen wie Regulierungen der Industrie, Umweltschutz und Bildung sowie eine Kooperation in der Sicherheitspolitik, insbesondere beim europäischen Haftbefehl und beim länderübergreifenden Datenaustausch.

Merkel lässt May bei Brexit hoffen

14.52 Uhr: Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel (CDU) setzt auf eine Brexit-Einigung mit London auch ohne ein Wiederaufschnüren des mit Brüssel verhandelten Abkommens. "Ich bin überzeugt, dass man Lösungen finden kann, ohne dass man das Austrittsabkommen wieder öffnet", sagte Merkel am Donnerstag nach einem Treffen mit dem slowakischen Ministerpräsidenten Peter Pellegrini in Bratislava. "Das steht für uns nicht auf der Tagesordnung."

Alle Seiten seien an einem geordneten Austritt Großbritanniens interessiert, sagte Merkel. Auch von EU-Seite bestehe eine Pflicht, "alles zu tun, um einen solchen Vertrag zu bekommen". Dies setze voraus, "dass Großbritannien uns möglichst klar sagt, was sie wollen", sagte Merkel. Wichtig sei der Schutz der "Integrität unseres Binnenmarktes" ebenso wie eine Regelung für das EU-Mitglied Irland, das über Nordirland eine direkte Grenze zu Großbritannien hat.

SPD-Mann wirft May Planlosigkeit bei Brexit vor

14.41 Uhr: Der SPD-Europaabgeordnete Jo Leinen hat der britischen Regierung Planlosigkeit in den Brexit-Verhandlungen vorgeworfen. "Es war schon ein Hasardeurspiel, ein Referendum für den Austritt aus der EU anzuberaumen, ohne den Menschen zu sagen, welchen Brexit man will und selber Vorstellungen zu haben, was ein Brexit bedeutet", sagte Leinen am Donnerstag im Deutschlandfunk. "Das ist wirklich höchste politische Unkultur und auch Unverantwortlichkeit."

Die britische Regierungschefin Theresa May handle "geradezu abenteuerlich", sagte Leinen. Sie habe offenbar vergessen, dass ihre Minderheitsregierung auf die Stimmen der Opposition angewiesen sei. "Jetzt wird es Zeit, dass man in London mal miteinander spricht", sagte der Europapolitiker. Dies sei "vordringlicher, als laufend nach Brüssel zu fahren".

Er hoffe auf eine "Letzte-Minute-Entscheidung" im britischen Unterhaus, sagte Leinen weiter. Dort müsse sich die Erkenntnis durchsetzen, dass es "beim Austrittsabkommen nichts mehr zu gewinnen und nichts mehr zu verändern" gebe.

14.39 Uhr: Die britische Premierministerin Theresa May hat der EU Vorschläge unterbreitet, um das Brexit-Abkommen doch noch durch das Londoner Unterhaus zu bekommen. May habe bei einem Treffen mit EU-Kommissionspräsident Jean-Claude Juncker "verschiedene Optionen" angesprochen, um den Bedenken der britischen Abgeordneten Rechnung zu tragen, hieß es in einer von der EU-Kommission am Donnerstag verbreiteten gemeinsamen Erklärung.

Nach Beratungen ihrer Experten wollen sich May und Juncker demnach erneut vor Ende Februar treffen. Zum Inhalt der Vorschläge Mays machte die Erklärung keine Angaben. Juncker bekräftigte demnach, dass die EU nicht zu Nachverhandlungen an dem vom Unterhaus im Januar abgelehnten Austrittsabkommen bereit sei. Die EU sei aber bereit, eine begleitende politische Erklärung auszubauen, um bei den künftigen Beziehungen "ehrgeiziger mit Blick auf Inhalt und Geschwindigkeit" zu werden.

Theresa May und Jen-Claude Juncker.

© AFP / ARIS OIKONOMOU

Zur Atmosphäre hieß es, die Gespräche zwischen Juncker und May seien "robust, aber konstruktiv" verlaufen. "Trotz der Herausforderungen" sollten die Teams beider Seiten nun einen Weg suchen, "der im britischen Parlament die größtmögliche Unterstützung findet" und die von den EU-Staats- und Regierungschefs festgelegten Leitlinien einhält.

Brexit als Damoklesschwert über Großbritannien – May will verhandeln – doch Juncker bleibt hart

London – Der 29. März schwebt noch immer wie ein Damoklesschwert über Großbritannien. An diesem Tag soll eigentlich der Brexit offiziell vollzogen werden. Allerdings fehlt nach wie vor ein von Großbritannien und der EU unterschriebenes Austrittsabkommen.

Das von Theresa May ausgehandelte Vertragswerk fiel am 15. Januar bei einer Abstimmung im Unterhaus krachen durch. Seitdem versucht die Premierministerin Nachverhandlungen mit der EU zu lancieren. Diese lehnt das aber kategorisch ab, so dass weiterhin ein „No-Deal-Brexit“ droht.

Brexit: Schottland und Wales lehnen „No-Deal“-Szenario ab

Mittlerweile gibt es viele Stimmen, die einen „No-Deal-Brexit“ ablehnen und Theresa May dazu auffordern, den 29. März als Austrittsdatum zu kippen, darunter die schottischen Regierungschefin Nicola Sturgeon und ihr walisisches Pendant Mark Drakeford. Auch das britische Unterhaus hat sich gegen einen Austritt ohne Abkommen ausgesprochen, allerdings auch eine Verschiebung des Termins mehrheitlich abgelehnt.

Eines der größten offenen Probleme ist eine Lösung für Irland, das weiterhin EU-Mitglied bleibt, während Nordirland als Teil Großbritanniens austritt, zu finden. Der im Abkommen vereinbarte „Backstop“ soll ein vorübergehendes Sicherheitsnetz bilden, das eine EU-Außengrenze auf der irischen Insel verhindern soll. Doch diese Lösung findet nicht überall Anklang.

Brexit: Was ist der Backstop?

Der Backstop besagt, dass Großbritannien in der Zollunion der EU und Nordirland im europäischen Binnenmarkt verbleibt, solange es kein gemeinsames Handelsabkommen zwischen der Europäischen Union und Großbritannien gibt. Damit soll verhindert werden, dass es an der historisch sensiblen Grenze zwischen Irland und Nordirland, zu Waren- und Personenkontrollen kommt.

Grundsätzlich ist der Backstop unbefristet, um freien Waren- und Personenverkehr zwischen der EU und Großbritannien (und zwischen Irland und Nordirland) zu garantieren, bis es ein Handelsabkommen gibt. Geplant ist ein Abkommen in der Übergangsphase die bis Ende 2020 abgeschlossen sein soll und bis 2022 verlängert werden kann, wenn die zeit nicht reicht.

Sorgen bereitet allerdings, dass das Aushandeln vergleichbarer Abkommen bis zur Unterschriftsreife deutlich länger als knapp vier Jahre in Anspruch genommen hat. Die Briten beunruhigt außerdem, dass so ein sehr langer Verbleib in der Zollunion der EU dadurch nicht unwahrscheinlich ist und so den Abschluss neuer Handelsabkommen mit anderen Ländern verhindert. Großbritannien muss sich laut Backstop auch weiterhin an geltende EU-Regeln halten. Des Weiteren kann der Backstop nicht einseitig gekündigt werden, sondern bedarf der Zustimmung der EU und Großbritanniens.

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Rosenheimer AfD-Abgeordneter sprach von „Negern“ – fürchten muss er nichts

mit dpa und afp

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