The word of the year, according to the compilers of the explanatory dictionary of the English language, was the adjective single-use, which means “disposable”. Its use has quadrupled in the last five years.
Photo: Dado Galdieri / Bloomberg
The compilers of the Collins Dictionary explanatory dictionary of English called the word “single-use” adjective 2018. This is stated on the site of the dictionary, which is published by Harper Collins.
The word “one-time” dictionary is interpreted in the context of ecology: it describes objects, the uncontrolled spread of which causes pollution of the environment and affects the food chain of living organisms. First of all, the authors of the dictionary associate this adjective with plastic products.
“Since 2013, the frequency of use of this word has quadrupled, and news stories and graphic images that can be seen, for example, in the BBC Blue Planet II project, have raised public awareness on this issue (environmental issue RBC), ”Says the description.
“Photos of plastic waste drifting in the most remote corners of the oceans, such as cocktail straws, bottles and bags, led to a global campaign to reduce their use,” the compilers noted.
Collins Dicrionary contenders for the word of the year were:
- the name of the floss dance that became popular this year (a man shakes his hips to the right and left and waves his hands in front of him and behind his back alternately. – RBC);
- gammon, which literally means “ham” – this is the name of a person, usually a middle-aged European man and reactionary, who supports the exit of the UK from the European Union;
- the hashtag of the anti-harassment movement #MeToo, which means “me too”;
- abbreviation VAR (video assistant referee, video help system for referees);
- the word "vegan" and others.
In a word of the past, 2017, the year Collins chose the expression fake news ("fake news"), which is actively used by US President Donald Trump. Before that, the word of the year was Brexit.
In late May, the European Commission issued a draft set of measures to combat pollution of the world's oceans and approved a bill that restricts the turnover of ten types of plastic disposable products. Restrictions apply to spoons, forks, plates, glasses, plastic mounts for balloons, disposable food containers, plastic bags, and others.