Dhe Bundesbank is urging financial institutions to take more precautions in view of the growing risks to financial stability. “The banks should be able to absorb losses on their own,” said Bundesbank Vice President Claudia Buch on Thursday at the presentation of the Financial Stability Report 2022 in Frankfurt. Otherwise there could be a credit crunch that would exacerbate a crisis in the real economy.
Overall, the Bundesbank sees a significantly worsened environment: Economists predict a recession for 2023. Extremely high inflation has been causing problems for consumers and companies for months. The probability increases that borrowers will not be able to repay loans. “The real economic risks have increased significantly,” summed up Buch. The financial system remains vulnerable to these risks. “That means we really have to make sure now that the vulnerabilities that we’ve already seen don’t become injuries that are then very difficult to heal later,” said Buch.
The Bundesbank Vice President warned that the time series that financial institutions use to estimate future credit risks could turn out to be overly optimistic: “If we see here that risk provisioning has fallen very sharply, that should not give the all-clear for future risks.»
Warning for risk prevention
The Bundesbank board member responsible for banking supervision, Joachim Wuermeling, confirmed: “Credit risks and loan defaults will be a constant companion in 2023. And that’s why we’re issuing appropriate warnings.” Financial institutions should use the scope for further provision, Wuermeling warned: “What surprises us is that so little additional risk provision is made.”
The recently sharply increased interest rates are positive for the industry in the medium term after years of negative interest rates. In the short term, however, there are also risks there because higher interest rates are an additional burden on borrowers. Higher interest rates would also have depressed prices for securities, banks had to make write-downs and would have already largely used up their hidden reserves, explained Buch.
The Bundesbank is asking financial institutions to exercise restraint when paying dividends. Wuermeling emphasized: “In view of the high level of uncertainty, you should make prudent risk provisions and only carefully distribute profits.” It is important to keep as much capital as possible in the system for possible losses, said Wuermeling.