The students will write electoral history next week – again.
They were already in their primaries with an electoral system called the Voting Choice to vote for the nominees of their party, of which our colleague Amber Phillips reported in the summer, voted. Now they are the first to vote in a general election. Watch the video above to see how it works.
Ranking electoral voting, sometimes referred to as instant voting, allows voters to number their ballots in a ballot instead of just one candidate. The winning candidate in a ranked election must win more than 50 percent of the vote, not the simple majority required in traditional US elections.
If a candidate receives a majority of the votes of the first choice, then he wins the election. If not, the candidate with the lowest number of votes is eliminated and the second-choice candidates receive their votes. If someone scores more than 50 percent in this second round, the winner will be determined. If not, the candidate with the lowest votes will be eliminated, and those votes will be used for the next election of the voter. And so on, until someone gets the majority.
In most electoral elections, the winner of plurality still wins the victory. The cases in which he can tilt the scale take place in races with several candidates whose positions overlap on specific topics, for example in the 2nd congressional district of Maine. Representative Bruce Poliquin (R) and Deputy Jared Golden (D) are in a dead heat in the polls, two independent companies – Tiffany Bond and Will Hoar – are far behind. After all the hints, the votes of the second choice decide who wins the majority in the district.
Bond, Hoar and Golden have all agreed to accept the leaderboard ranking, but Poliquin refused to answer the yes-no question in the final debate.
"I'm going to circle Bruce Poliquin, one and only one voice, put it in the box and go on," he said on October 16.
"I do not think he answered the question, but yes, absolutely," Golden pointed out.
In other cities, countries and organizations, eligibility is already ranked, including in San Francisco, Australia, and the best picture category of the Academy Awards. Proponents of the system say that it can foster the majority of the majority through design, cultivate more centrist candidates and more civilized campaigns, and open the door to stronger third-party candidates – or at least eliminate the fear of "voice-sharing".
Remember the setbacks of Jill Stein and the Green Party voters after the 2016 elections? Some argued that if Stein did not get votes from the left, we would have President Hillary Clinton instead of President Trump. The argument relies heavily on hypotheses, neglecting actual voting, and minimizing the impact the electoral college, the coping skills and demographic structure of voters have had on Trump's victory. The voting result of the ranking probably would not have given Liberty the right balance in 2016. But frustration over third-country candidates is something electoral voters want to wipe out: in high-profile polling, voters need not worry about the split of votes between two candidates.
However, there are potential mistakes: the opponents say that people's votes are essentially not counted when their votes are "exhausted". This happens when they choose not to evaluate the candidates, and their first choice does not win that the vote becomes too complicated lengthy and only centrist second-chance candidates could do feasibly.
The outrage at Oakland's mayoral contest in 2011 is an example of dissatisfaction with the electoral election, which encourages a second-chance candidate to victory. Frontrunner and Plealth winner Don Perata was eventually defeated by Jean Quan, who focused on creating a wide network and promoting the followers of other candidates for second-choice elections. His followers accused Quan of having to "play the system" to gain a majority in a crowded field.
In Maine, the shift to electoral eligibility was triggered by a variety of factors: a historically independent electorate, frustration with recent polarization elections such as that of Governor Paul LePage (R), and several unsuccessful attempts to conduct the ranked ruling by state legislators. The citizens collected signatures for an initiative petition and approved the measure in November 2016 as an election question.
The state had a rocky road to conduct votes with priority. After voters agreed to the 2018 election, Maine's legislator voted to postpone its use until 2021, forcing advocates to join in June 2018 for another electoral measure to veto that legislation , This referendum was passed with 54 percent of the votes and ensured that in the autumn voting with the order of votes was chosen. However, the implementation of state elections in parliamentary elections is still suspended, as the word "plurality" is used in the state constitution through a court ruling. This means that parts of the voters' votes will include a leaderboard other parts will not.
Many voters in the 2nd district of Maine were excited about the change.
"Voting with the rankings gives me the opportunity to at least express my opinion. And even if my candidate does not win, they got the input, "said Bang Hill's Jan Hill, who voted in the Republican primary election in June.
"I think that gives people a bigger voice, and you do not have to choose between red and blue, democrat or republican. This species opens the field a bit more and gives us more voice, "said Josh Hill of Brewer.
"There is definitely a learning curve with ranking voting. There were both in the primaries and now, I think, "said Sarah McCarthy from Bangor. "I personally feel better and have a better understanding. I do not think I still fully understand it, but I definitely have a better understanding after going through it in June. "
Shortly before the election and a possibly lengthy counting process Bond, Hoar and Golden are together and give each other their second and third votes.
"They are both nice people," said Golden in the debate on 16 October.
Bond joined in: "It would be stupid not to rank because you could end up with the other man."