Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death for women worldwide, accounting for 35% of annual deaths, warn experts in the medical journal The Lancet.
In the article, which cites data from 2019 on a global scale on prevalence, mortality and risk factors in women, 17 experts called for urgent measures, such as early diagnosis and specific health programs in populated and underdeveloped regions, to reduce premature deaths by one third. non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, by 2030.
In 2019, according to a note from the The Lancet, about 275 million women have had cardiovascular disease worldwide. Cardiac ischemia and stroke were the cardiovascular diseases that most killed women, representing, respectively, 47% and 36% of associated deaths.
Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Libya, Morocco and the United Arab Emirates are on the list of countries with the highest prevalence rates of cardiovascular diseases, while Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela have the lowest rates.
Despite the fact that the worldwide prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in women has decreased since 1990, populous countries such as China, Indonesia and India registered an increase, respectively of 10%, 7% and 3% of cases.
Central Asia, Eastern Europe, North Africa, the Middle East and Central Sub-Saharan Africa are the regions with the highest mortality rates, more than 300 deaths per 100,000 women.
In contrast, Western Europe, North America, Australasia (Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea and some neighboring islands in the Pacific) and Andean America (Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Chile and Venezuela) are the regions with rates lower mortality rates, less than 130 deaths per 100,000 women.
Hypertension, high cholesterol, early menopause and complications in pregnancy are identified as risk factors in women.
According to the experts, cardiovascular diseases continue, despite the bad statistics, to be “little studied and little recognized” in women.