Causes, Types, and How to Overcome Them


Coughing is the body’s way of clearing the respiratory tract of free radicals that cause throat irritation. The nervous system will generally send signals to the brain and can eventually trigger a cough.

Coughing can also indicate a disease or health problem in the body. Especially if it lasts for several weeks and is accompanied by other symptoms, such as fever, flu, to yellow sputum or blood.

In addition, a prolonged, hard cough can irritate the lungs and cause more coughing. This condition is certainly very tiring, it can even cause a person to have difficulty sleeping, dizziness or fainting, headaches, urinary incontinence, vomiting, and broken ribs.

Causes of Cough

There are many things that can make a person experience cough symptoms. Some of them, namely:

  • Irritant or allergen
  • Smoking
  • Strong odors (such as cleaners and perfumes)
  • Print
  • Dust
  • Pollen
  • pet hair
  • Lands
  • Certain medications, such as blood pressure medications known as ACE inhibitors.

Medical conditions that cause acute and subacute coughs, such as:

  • Have a cold
  • Flu
  • Acute bronchitis or bronchiolitis
  • Sinusitis
  • Pneumonia
  • Whooping cough (also called pertussis)
  • Asma
  • Allergy
  • Acute second or third person exposure to cigarette smoke

Medical conditions that can cause a chronic cough, such as:

  • Chronic bronchitis
  • Asma
  • Allergy
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other lung conditions
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Throat disorders, including vocal cord disorders
  • Tetes postnasal
  • Heart failure and other heart conditions

Types of Cough

There are many types of cough to know. Some names for coughs can describe how long they stay in the body until they have a different sound. Here’s the information.

Types of Cough according to Enduring Time

  • An acute cough starts suddenly and lasts for two to three weeks.
  • A subacute cough is a cough that persists after you have an infection and lasts for three to eight weeks.
  • A chronic cough lasts more than eight weeks. A cough that lasts a long time can also be called a persistent cough.
  • A refractory cough is a chronic cough that does not respond to treatment.

Types of Cough Associated with Mucus

  • A productive cough, or wet cough, is a cough that produces mucus or phlegm.
  • Unproductive cough, or dry cough, not producing mucus or phlegm.

Types of Coughs That Have Different Sounds with Certain Conditions

  • whooping. Pertussis, or whooping cough, is an infection that causes a cough that sounds like a “scream.”
  • Barking. A cough that sounds like barking can be a sign of croup (a disease of the respiratory tract).
  • Wheezing. This type of cough often occurs when a person has blocked airways. It can be associated with an infection, such as a cold, or a chronic condition, such as asthma.

How to Overcome Cough

Coping with cough can be done in various ways depending on the cause. For healthy adults, coughs will heal on their own if they are classified as mild coughs. Here are some ways to deal with cough disease.

  • Make sure to drink enough water (at least 1.5 liters per day)
  • Diligently wash your hands to keep your hands clean from viral and bacterial infections
  • Try to get sun exposure every day (approximately 15-20 minutes per day)
  • Avoid locations full of dust or dirt pollution
  • Avoid excessive consumption of oily/spicy food in large quantities or too often
  • Diligently consume fruits and vegetables and exercise regularly
  • Check with your doctor if you have a cough for more than 2 weeks that doesn’t stop, or tends to recur every month.
  • If you have a cough, wear a mask and apply cough/sneeze etiquette (cough/sneeze into the elbow)

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