In China, there are now seminars showing other countries how freedom of expression is censored as their technodystopia spreads.
Governments around the world are increasingly turning to online tools to suppress dissent and strengthen their power, as a study by Human Rights Watch shows.
Chinese officials have held information control meetings with 36 of the 65 countries surveyed, and have provided telecommunications and surveillance equipment to a number of foreign governments.
India led the world in the number of Internet stalls, with over 100 reported incidents in 2018, claiming that steps were needed to stop the flow of disinformation and incitement to violence.
Many governments, including Saudi Arabia, use "troll army" to manipulate social media and in many cases drown out the voices of dissidents.
Governments around the world are increasingly turning to online tools to suppress dissent and strengthen their power, as a study by Human Rights Watch shows
Freedom House's annual survey of 65 countries found that the global freedom of the Internet in 2018 fell for the eighth consecutive year.
The Freedom on the Net 2018 report also found that online propaganda and disinformation have increasingly "poisoned" the digital space, while unrestrained personal data breaches privacy.
"Democracies are struggling in the digital age as China exports its model of censorship and surveillance to control information both within and beyond its borders," said Michael Abramowitz, president of Freedom House.
"This pattern poses a threat to the open Internet and threatens the prospects for more democracy worldwide."
Freedom House's allegations are "unfounded, unprofessional, irresponsible, and have other causes," Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang said at a regular press briefing in Beijing on Thursday.
"Cyberspace is complex," he added, calling for "the global community, including governments, corporations, think tanks, and the media-a constructive attitude to sustain them."
According to the report, 17 governments found laws restricting or suggesting on-line media in the name of counterfeiting, while 18 countries tightened surveillance or weakened encryption to better monitor their citizens.
According to the researchers, Internet freedom decreased from June 2017 to May 2018 in 26 countries. Profits were made in 19 countries, most of which were minor.
One of the biggest threats, Freedom House said, is China's efforts to redesign the digital world in its "technodystopic" image.
It called for a comprehensive Chinese cybersecurity requirement requiring domestic and foreign companies to "immediately stop" the transfer of banned content, and to ensure that data on Chinese users is hosted within the country.
One of the biggest threats, Freedom House said, is China's ambition to redesign the digital world in its "technodystopic" image (image).
This was followed by "hundreds" of new policies on what online users can and do not do, and stricter controls on using VPNs to avoid detection.
The report said that leaked documents and other evidence suggest that one million Muslims may be held in detention centers in Xinjiang, many because of non-violent online activities.
China seems to be using its large technology companies involved in the telecommunications infrastructure to expand its dominance and gain a surveillance advantage, Freedom House said.
Companies like Huawei, which are largely excluded from contracts in the US and Australia, are building infrastructures in many parts of the world, including Africa and Latin America, according to Freedom House chairman Michael Chertoff, a former US Secretary of Security.
"This opens up a potential for exploiting information in these countries through technological backdoors that can be used by the Chinese government to gather information," said Chertoff.
The researchers said that online freedom is threatened in democratic and authoritarian states.
In India, Sri Lanka and elsewhere there have been a number of Internet closings.
"Cutting off the Internet service is a draconian response, especially at a time when citizens need it most, be it dispelling rumors, looking for relatives or avoiding dangerous areas," said Adrian Shahbaz, researcher at the University of New York Freedom House.
"Although deliberately fake content is a real problem, some governments are increasingly using" false news "to consolidate their control over information and suppress dissent."
"It is now an instrument of authoritarian diplomacy to station an army of electronic trolls," he said.
The researchers said that online freedom in the United States has also declined in part because the rules on "net neutrality" have been reversed, ensuring that all data are treated equally without "fast" or "slow" Traces occur for commercial or other reasons.
Online freedom is also threatened in the US as a result of the renewed approval of a law on surveillance and a "hyper-partisan" social media environment marked by major disinformation efforts.
HOW CAN YOU FIND AND DELETE WHERE GOOGLE KNOWS THAT YOU WERE?
Even if Location Log is off, Google often stores your exact location.
Here's how to clear these flags and some best practices to keep your location as private as possible.
However, there is no panacea, as connecting to the Internet on any device identifies an IP address that can be geographically assigned.
Smartphones can also be connected to cell towers, so your mobile service provider knows your general location at all times.
To disable tracking on any device
Start your browser and go to myactivity.google.com. You must be logged in to Google.
In the upper left drop-down menu, go to "Activity Controls." Disable both "Web and App Activity" and "Location History."
This should prevent accurate location markers from being stored in your Google Account.
Google will warn you that some of the services do not work with these settings.
In particular, neither the Google Assistant, a digital concierge, or the Google Home Smart Speaker are particularly useful.
If you use Google Maps, adjust the location of the app during use. This will prevent the app from accessing your location when it is not active.
Go to Settings Privacy Location Services and then select Google Maps to make the adjustment.
In the Safari web browser, use a search engine other than Google.
Under Settings Safari Search Engine you will find more options like Bing or DuckDuckGo.
You can disable the location while browsing by going to Safari Website Security Services Settings and selecting Never.
However, this does not prevent advertisers from knowing your approximate location based on the IP address of a website.
You can also disable location services almost completely on the device through Settings Settings Location Location Services.
Both Google Maps and Apple Maps continue to work. However, they do not know where you are on the map and can not give you instructions.
If necessary, emergency helpers can be found anyway.
Click "Security & Location" below the main settings icon. Scroll down to the heading "Privacy". Touch "Location." You can disable it for the entire device.
With app-level permissions, you can disable access to different apps.
Unlike the iPhone, there is no setting for "while in use".
You can not disable the Google Play services that make your location available to other apps if you leave this service turned on.
Log in as "Guest" on your Android device by swiping from the top down and tapping the down-pointing cursor and then the torso icon.
Note which services you sign up for, such as Chrome. You can also change search engines in Chrome.
Delete the previous location tracking on any device
On the myactivity.google.com page, search for an entry that has a location icon next to the word "Details."
If you click on it, a window will appear with a link that sometimes reads "From your current location".
Clicking on it will open Google Maps. It will show you where you are right now.
You can delete it from this popup by clicking on the navigation icon with the three stacked dots and then clicking "Delete".
Some items are grouped in unexpected locations, such as For example, topic names, google.com, searches, or maps.
You have to delete them article by article. You can delete all items in date ranges or after wholesale service. In the end, however, more than just placemarks are removed.