Cold War bomb shelter inspection; Retreat at Kherson; Is Russia’s lair? – Russia Ukraine War Kherson | Manorama Online

Reports surface that Russia is inspecting bomb shelters for the first time in three decades since the end of the Cold War. Russia’s move marks the ninth month since the war with Ukraine began. It is reported that Russia is cleaning equipment and other things that have not been used since the Soviet era, checking the reliability of related buildings and carrying out repairs. Related sources unofficially informed that preparations are being made to be used if the war gets out of hand.

This week, the Russian Ministry of Education announced that from next year, basic military training will be introduced in schools similar to the Soviet era. This should be read in conjunction with Putin’s sudden announcement that 300,000 reserve troops would be deployed in September. Along with that comes Russia’s announcement that it will withdraw from the strategic city of Kherson! Is Russia planning a major war? Is the intention to retreat like a prowling tiger and retaliate with increased vigour?

∙ Will Russia really withdraw from Kherson?

General Sergey Surovaykin, who is coordinating the Russian offensive in Ukraine, addressed the nation on TV on Wednesday and said – “Russian troops are withdrawing from Kherson”. At the time, Surovaik was accompanied by Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu. After Surovaik’s announcement, the cameras turned to Shoigu. Shoigu announced that he agreed with Surovaik’s position and would do whatever it takes to safely cross the Dnieper River with troops, weapons, etc.


Iconic image (Image – Istockphoto/repinanatoly)

A few hours later, international media reported, citing local residents, that Russian military vehicles were seen leaving Kherson at 11:00 p.m. local time. Has Russia really abandoned Kherson? Kherson is the land route to Crimea, which was annexed by Russia from Ukraine in 2014. Within days of the start of the war on February 26, Russia captured Kherson. The city of Dnipro, on the banks of the Nipa River in central Ukraine, is an important source of fresh water for Crimea and Ukraine. Therefore, it is unexpected to say that Russia will give it up.

∙ Ukraine as Russia’s trap

Despite the announcement that Russia would withdraw from Kherson, Ukraine’s move was cautious. Following the announcement on Wednesday, Russian forces began withdrawing. On Thursday, Ukrainian forces began to take control of some areas of Kherson. But the instruction received by the Ukrainian forces is that it is enough to proceed with caution. Ukraine suspects that retreating Russian forces may have turned the area into a ‘city of death’. Ukrainian military spokesman Vladislav Nazarov says that Russia’s program is shelling many areas captured by Ukraine and attacking camps run by volunteer organizations. But reports from there indicate that signs of a reversal have started to be seen.


Volodymyr Zelenskyy

Volodymyr Zelensky (file image) (Photo by Rich Fury / GETTY IMAGES NORTH AMERICA / Getty Images via AFP)

Within 24 hours, Ukrainian forces have recaptured about seven kilometers south of Kherson. Also took control of the cities of Snihurivka and Kiselivka. Kiselevka is located 15 km away from Kherson city. Kherson is one of the four Ukrainian cities that Russia tried to capture. Ukraine is raising doubts about whether Russia will abandon the region, which Putin declared that “the people of these cities will forever be Russian citizens.” There is also the suspicion that Russian forces have adopted a scorched earth policy of destroying anything useful to the enemy. “Russia is going to destroy whatever they can, including apartments. They have the weapons to destroy the city. This is Russia’s world – come, loot, celebrate, kill witnesses, leave ruins, pass away” – tweeted Mykhailo Padoliak, adviser to Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky.

At the same time, it is clear from the satellite images that trenches have been constructed near the Kherson border in Crimea. According to US Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman General Mark Mille, Russia’s fear that Ukraine will attack the retreating forces may be behind the construction of the trench. Zelensky announced the liberation of 41 settlements in southern Ukraine following Russia’s decision to move east of the Nipa River.

∙ Putt’s slap in the face, what is the purpose?

Russia has announced that it is withdrawing its troops to the eastern side of the Neepa River. Russia’s position is that it is withdrawing in order not to lose the lives of soldiers and civilians. Experts in the field say that whatever the purpose of the withdrawal, it should be considered a slap in the face to Vladimir Putin. If Russia moved east of the Neepa River, their supply lines would be more efficient. With that, Russia will be able to prepare a deep defense in the region. Therefore, the analysis is that Ukraine’s attack across the Nipa river will lead to bloodshed at this stage.


Borodianka | Russia Ukraine War | (Photo by Sergei SUPINSKY / AFP)

A view from the Borodyanka region of Ukraine, which was destroyed by Russian shelling. Image dated April 4, 2022. (Photo by Sergei SUPINSKY/AFP)

But despite the withdrawal, it is concluded that at least 60 percent of Kherson will remain in Russia’s possession. The part including the Azov Sea is likely to be in Russia’s hands. This will create another crisis. While Russia controls the east bank of the Nipa River, Ukraine may try to destroy the canal that supplies fresh water to Crimea.

The withdrawal announcement in Kherson comes two months after Ukraine pushed Russia out of the Kharkiv region. Russia’s goal at the start of the war was to replace the Zelensky regime with a pro-Russian regime. This goal became unattainable due to the fierce resistance of Ukraine. Russia was able to reach only as far as Mariupol. They were able to capture the city after destroying it. General Milley describes the Russian invasion as a ‘terrible strategic failure’. “The US believes that more than 100,000 Russian soldiers may have been killed or injured so far. The situation is the same on the side of Ukraine” – General Mille added. Both countries have not officially released the death toll.

It took only weeks for the more than 30,000 Russian troops deployed in Kherson to withdraw. This week, Ukrainian forces destroyed the only bridge connecting the city to the eastern side of the Nipa River. NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, who welcomed the withdrawal from Kherson, said that he was waiting to know how far Russia would actually withdraw. The withdrawal announcement and the construction of the trench make it clear that Russia’s only intention is to withdraw to the eastern bank of the Nipa River, citing intelligence agencies, international media reports.


Ukraine Map | Russian War | (Image - istockphoto/Irina Gutyryak)

Iconic image (Image – istockphoto/Irina Gutyryak)

Whether the retreat from Kherson materializes or not, the two armies are engaged in a fierce battle in eastern Donetsk. The situation is no different in the Eastern Donbas region. Ukraine claims it is killing hundreds of Russian soldiers. In any case, Russia’s withdrawal announcement has reportedly boosted the morale of the Ukrainian military. The news of the retreat in Kherson comes two months after the recapture of Kharkiv region in the northeast. Ukraine’s assessment is that this happened before the winter. It is difficult to carry on the battle through the heavy snow. People are celebrating Kherson retreat all over Ukraine. Campaigns in social media have announced support for Ukraine’s struggle.

English Summary: Why Russia withdraws from Kherson and the meaning of cold-war-era bomb shelters checking