The 5 most common types of heart disease. © 2020 Merdeka.com
Merdeka.com – The heart is one of the internal organs that has an important role for the body. This one organ functions to pump blood and drain it throughout the limbs. In this case, the heart acts as a means of transportation that carries nutrients and oxygen by other organs in the body. So do not be surprised if the heart is a very meritorious organ for human survival.
That way, every human being needs to adopt a healthy lifestyle to keep the heart healthy. Not only that, with this healthy lifestyle, heart performance can run more optimally. This can be done by consuming healthy food, fulfilling the body’s hydration needs properly, and routinely doing physical activities or sports.
If this is not done, then the risk of various heart diseases can increase. One of the heart health disorders that need to be aware of is coronary heart disease. Coronary heart disease or coronary heart disease is a health disorder that occurs when a coronary artery narrows. A coronary artery is a blood vessel in charge of delivering oxygen and blood to the heart.
In this condition, the oxygen and blood flowing to the heart becomes not smooth. Furthermore, this will affect the working system of the heart to become abnormal. Even not uncommon, someone who has coronary heart disease can get a heart attack suddenly. This is what causes heart disease is still a disease that threatens many lives.
Then what is the picture of coronary heart disease, ranging from causes, symptoms, to how to prevent it. Reporting from the Medical News Today site, here we have summarized some of the explanations for you.
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Coronary heart disease
As mentioned earlier, coronary heart disease is one of the heart organ disorders caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries. These arteries are responsible for supplying blood and oxygen to the heart. So that with the condition of narrowed arteries, blood and oxygen supply can not run properly.
The condition of the narrowed arteries will get worse when blood cholesterol levels are high, so it can accumulate on the artery walls. Cholesterol buildup is what causes plaque on artery walls. As a result, the arterial space will be narrowed and the blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart become disrupted.
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Causes of Coronary Heart Disease
After knowing briefly about coronary heart disease, it is next necessary to know what causes these health problems. It is known, coronary heart disease is caused by arteries or layers of arteries that are damaged or injured. This damage causes body fat to accumulate easily and cause plaque in the lining of the arteries.
If pieces of plaque that accumulate in arteries rupture, it will encourage platelets to fill in the area to repair blood vessels. Furthermore, this condition will block the arteries from delivering blood and oxygen to the heart. So it’s not surprising, people with coronary heart disease have a higher risk of heart attack.
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Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease
Usually, in patients with coronary heart disease often experience angina conditions. The condition of angina is characterized by the onset of chest pain that is often felt by people with heart disease. In addition, the condition for angina also causes the following feelings:
- Chest like crushed or depressed
- Chest feels heavy and tight
- Chest like getting a burning sensation
- Pain in the chest that is very painful
Not only that, the condition of angina also causes several other symptoms which are as follows:
- The body feels weak
- Excessive sweat production
In addition to some of the symptoms above, please note that coronary heart disease can also cause shortness of breath in patients. This usually happens if the heart and other organs don’t receive an adequate supply of oxygen. That way, sufferers will quickly feel tired and breathing becomes breathless. If this condition has occurred, it is necessary to immediately get treatment in order to reduce the bad risks that might occur next.
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Ways to Prevent Coronary Heart Disease
After knowing some of the explanations above, it can be understood that coronary heart disease is a dangerous health disorder and can cause death. For that, everyone needs to do a healthy lifestyle so that heart health can be maintained. In addition, everyone needs to take proper precautions as early as possible so that the risk of coronary heart disease can be reduced.
Basically, the most important way to prevent coronary heart disease is to control blood cholesterol levels. If not, this cholesterol will later accumulate in the lining of the coronary arteries which will cause narrowing. In this case, blood cholesterol levels can be controlled in the following ways:
- Exercise regularly so that the body can move actively
- Limiting alcohol consumption
- Avoid smoking
- Do a diet of foods with little sugar, salt, and saturated fat