In the absence of ethnic statistics, it is not possible to highlight ethno-racial discrimination on exposure to the coronavirus. On the other hand, the over-representation of immigrants and descendants of immigrants among infected persons can be established. The often precarious jobs that immigrants occupy (maintenance agent, domestic workers) and the regular use of public transport are all risks, which, when combined, expose them more to disease.
In addition, the offer of liberal medicine is reduced in this department. The INED study highlights the discrimination that immigrants suffer in accessing healthcare. Seine-Saint-Denis is the department in France with the lowest density of doctors. It is also a department which is distinguished by the lower level of hospital equipment in Ile-de-France, resulting in less recourse to care while the needs are greater than in the majority of other territories.