Cry for help from Braunschweig students: Our teacher has blood cancer

stem cell donation

Cry for help from Braunschweig students: Our teacher has blood cancer

16.04.2022, 13:18

| Reading time: 6 minutes

In most cases, the stem cells are obtained from the blood using a special procedure. Similar to blood donation, access is made in both arm veins.

Photo: Hendrik Schmidt / dpa

The young people report: “He is waiting for a life-saving stem cell donation.” Their appeal: Register for a donation!

The diagnosis Leukemia, i.e. blood cancer, changes everything. Drug treatment only helps in some patients. For many, however, there is one Transplantation of blood stem cells is the only chance to defeat the disease. If no suitable donor can be found in their own family, the patient is dependent on an external donor.

For most of those affected, this news is like an emergency stop, a slap in the head, as well as for their families and friends – and beyond, as a current case shows: Schoolchildren from Braunschweig have now reported to the editors with a call for help.

Disciple: He’s a great role model for us – we can’t lose him!

“Our teacher was diagnosed with leukemia a few weeks ago. He is currently in hospital and waiting for a life saver stem cell donation‘ writes one youth. He asks for anonymity for all involved. The advance into the public could not be discussed with the teacher, but the young people absolutely want to do something.

“The diagnosis shocked teachers and students and takes us all very badly,” says the young person. “Our teacher works with another teacher in a school club against discrimination and for the rights of the LGBTQ+ community. He’s a big one example for us and supports us in our identity. Now we want to support him. We can’t lose him!”

Young people appeal: Everyone can help

And further: “One teacher even has an action at school with the DMMS started, but this is only possible for the older students.” In addition, you can’t reach anyone outside of the school with it. “We’ve told as many as we can how to register, but we don’t have a big one Range.” His request to the editors: a note to all readers about the fundamental possibility of a stem cell donation.

The DKMS he addressed – German bone marrow donor file – is a non-profit organization that arranges stem cell donations worldwide. According to the DKMS, eleven million potential donors are registered, and around 95,000 suitable donors and recipients have already been brought together, it is said. The DKMS is the most well-known donor database, but there are also others, for example the German stem cell donor database of the German Red Cross (DRK).

All donor data from the various donor files runs in the Central Bone Marrow Donor Register for Germany (ZKRD) together. The registration itself is very easy. An overview of the most important steps:

Who is even considered a stem cell donor?

In principle, anyone between the ages of 17 and 55 can register for stem cell donation. 17-year-olds are not yet allowed to donate, but are automatically taken into account when looking for donors from their 18th birthday. You should be healthy and weigh more than 50 kilograms.

How to register

You can imagine that registration set can be sent home from a donor file. The DKMS explains the procedure as follows: The set contains cotton swabwith whom one smear of the cheek mucosa – then the sticks are sent back together with the signed declaration of consent. The laboratory then evaluates the relevant tissue characteristics and provides the central bone marrow donor register for Germany with the result of the sample for the worldwide patient search to disposal.

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What happens if you hit?

According to the DKMS, about one in a hundred potential stem cell donors end up with a stem cell donation. If there is actually a patient who can be helped because of the appropriate tissue characteristics, a detailed one will follow first explanatory talk and a thorough one medical examination. “The donor may only donate blood stem cells if all test results are correct,” according to the Central Bone Marrow Donor Register.

How does the stem cell donation work?

There are two different methods: peripheral stem cell harvesting and bone marrow harvesting. the peripheral stem cell collection According to the DKMS, it is used in around 90 percent of cases. The stem cells are removed from the blood won. Similar to blood donation, access is made in both arm veins.

Before that, the donor will receive a drug with a for five days growth factor – This ensures an increased production of stem cells and their flushing into the bloodstream, according to the DKMS. “Peripheral stem cell collection usually takes three to five hours at most.”

Die Bone marrow removal is used in about 10 percent of stem cell donations. In this process, about one liter of a mixture of bone marrow and blood is taken from the donor under general anesthesia iliac crest removed. “That’s about five percent of the total bone marrow,” says the DKMS. “The bone marrow regenerates within a few weeks. After the bone marrow harvest, it is possible for a few days to experience local soreness, similar to that of a bruise.”

The donors stay in for one to two nights for collection hospital. The health risk of bone marrow removal is low. It is essentially limited to the general risk associated with any operation under general anesthesia.

Further information is available, for example, from the German Bone Marrow Donor File (DKMS) and the Central Bone Marrow Donor Register for Germany (ZKMD).

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