A new study shows how people can reduce the risk of developing a dangerous super-virus infection after leaving the hospital
Think of it as decontamination. Patients in the hospital who hold certain superbugs can reduce their risk of full-blown infections by patting themselves with medical goo and using special soap and mouthwash for six months after they go home. This resulted in a study.
A major problem is a low-tech approach: around 5 percent of patients have MRSA – antibiotic-resistant staph bacteria – that lurk on the skin or in the nose and are at high risk for infection during recovery or recovery of a disease have surgery. These can affect the skin, heart, brain, lungs, bones, and joints, and most of them end up in hospital again.
The hygiene measures tested by the researchers reduced this risk by almost a third.
* Superbug Spread Spurs require hospitals to act as border controls for biosafety
* Apple said that it is developing the ECG heart monitor for smartwatch
* The 8-year-old little boy falls from the bicycle spirals into a nightmare of Superbug infection
"It's a very simple solution, you do not have to swallow a medicine, you just have to clean the outside of your body for a little longer," Dr. Susan Huang from the Irvine School of Medicine at the University of California. She led the government-funded study that was published Wednesday by the New England Journal of Medicine.
Much has been done to contain infections in hospitals, and attention is shifting to what happens after leaving the patients.
Nine US states – California, Washington, Nevada, Minnesota, Illinois, South Carolina, Pennsylvania, Maine and New Jersey – require hospitals to screen MRSA for the most vulnerable (such as intensive care) patients. Many other places do this voluntarily.
The study involved more than 2,000 patients in hospitals in Southern California that were found to have MRSA or methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. All received information to prevent infection, and half received special products – mouthwash, liquid soap with an antiseptic and an antibiotic ointment that wipes the nose. They were asked to use it every other week for six months from Monday to Friday.
One year later, 6 percent of people in the deep-clean group had MRSA infection compared to 9 percent of others. They also had fewer infections from other germs. The doctors estimated that 25 to 30 people needed to be treated to prevent a case.
There were no serious side effects. 44 people had dry or irritated skin and most still used the products.
Heather Avizius was one. The 41-year-old Nanny has had MRSA infections in the past and entered the study after she had eight years ago due to serious complications in Crohn's disease at the St. Jude Medical Center in Fullerton, California.
"I took the regime very, very seriously" and have not had any MRSA since then, she said. "I felt cleaner and safer" and less concerned about spreading germs to her children, she said.
Nearly half of them discontinued the study prematurely or could not be found for follow-up.
"Many people may think," I feel good, I really do not have to do that, "said Dr. John Jernigan of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, but" the risk does not end when you go home. " # 39 ;.
Federal subsidies for the products paid. Otherwise, they would cost $ 150 to $ 200 for otherwise six months, Huang said. The antiseptic soap was a 4% chlorhexidine solution sold in many drugstores.
Other soaps, even those labeled as antibacterial, "may not have the active ingredients to remove MRSA," Dr. Robert Weinstein, another study director and infection specialist at Cook County Health and Rush University Medical Center in Chicago.
It is worthwhile for patients to do anything to prevent MRSA infection, he said.
"You left the hospital, you do not want to go back."