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definition, causes, diagnosis, symptoms and treatment

Several underlying mechanisms can cause acidosis: excess CO2 in the blood, overproduction of acids, or excessive loss of bicarbonates from the blood. If the body has tools to quickly rebalance potentially serious hydroelectrolyte differences, it sometimes happens that they are insufficient. How is acidosis detected? What support does she get?

Essential for good health, the acid-base balance corresponds to the balance between the alkalinity and the acidity of our body. Directly influenced by what we eat, this balance is often undermined by an overly acidic diet or by certain pathologies, which ultimately leads to acidification of tissues and blood. Assessed on a scale from 0 to 14, pH is the unit of measurement for acidity. It is considered normal at 7.4 (alimentation-sante.org). We speak of acidosis when the pH is below 7.35, and of alkalosis when it goes above 7.45. The breakdown of the acid-base balance is therefore mainly due to an excess of acids. The body metabolizes two types:

The acid-base balance is therefore maintained by a set of inputs and outputs. Inputs of acids and alkalis can be metabolic or respiratory. The exits are carried out by the lungs or the kidneys. When the body has to face an acid or basic attack at the origin of the disturbance of the pH, (…)

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