Dengue is not contagious and can be confused with Covid-19; know symptoms and prevention habits

June 21, 2021 – 13:54
#how to prevent dengue #coronavirus #Covid-19 #dengue #Health Ceará #Sesa

Suzana Mont’Alverne – Ascom Sesa – Text
Fabio dos Santos – Graphic arts

Some illnesses have similar symptoms. Dengue, for example, can to have initial clinical features similar to those of flu, cold, or even Covid-19. With this, the Department of Health of Ceará (Sesa) constantly seeks to guide the population on the need for prevention against the vector, the Aedes aegypt mosquito, and attention to the warning symptoms of the pathology.

The initial symptoms of dengue are variable, but it is common for the patient to present fever, within a period of two to seven days, commonly associated with headache, adynamia (muscle weakness), pain in the joints and pain in the eyes. Skin blemishes are also signs of contamination. The disease can still evolve, so it is essential to have knowledge about the warning signs of the disease.

Upon noticing the symptoms, the person should seek a Basic Health Unit (UBS). “Early identification enables quick intervention to prevent the patient from developing a critical condition of the disease”, explains Tânia Mara Coelho, an infectious disease physician and technical director of the São José Hospital (HSJ), a Sesa unit.

The professional adds on the importance of providing guidance to professionals regarding warning signs. “Doctors must make clear the importance of returning patients diagnosed with dengue to the unit, especially between the 3rd and 7th day of the disease.”

The aggravation of arboviruses can cause several complications, some of which are severe. “The worsening of the condition can cause severe hemorrhages and dysfunction of other organs. There is even a risk of affecting the heart, causing liver failure and, in lesser cases, acute kidney failure”, reinforces the infectologist.

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Children and pregnant women

In small children, dengue can be asymptomatic or with a febrile condition, which can make the diagnosis difficult. “In children, dengue appears like any other virus, adynamia, onolence, vomiting, diarrhea, etc. Medical follow-up should be sought, including for the indication of laboratory tests when necessary”, advises Coelho.

The symptoms in pregnant women are the same as those seen in adults, with the exception that care with bleeding is greater in them. “There is an increased risk of miscarriage and low birth weight.”

The diagnosis of diseases transmitted by Aedes aegypti – dengue, Zika or chikungunya – is made with a blood test.