It is a democratic republic born in 1923 after the fall of the Ottoman Empire as a result of the 1st World War.
It has a very broad and diverse culture, a mixture of Turkish, Ottoman and Western elements. Music and literature are a clear example of this crossroads of influences.
It preserves wonderful examples of Byzantine and Ottoman architecture, of which the city of Istanbul is home to some of the most important.
- Surface: 783,562 km2
- Population: 75.600.000 hab.
- Capital: Ankara
- Official languages: Turco
- Currency: Turkish lira
- Time zone: EET (UTC+2) – EEST (UTC+3)
- Internet domain: .tr
- Telephone prefix: + 90