The most common thyroid disorders are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Women are six times more likely to be diagnosed with thyroid disorders, and their risk (especially hypothyroidism) increases with age.
The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck. Because it is involved in many of the body’s functions, its disorders induce changes in many organs, hence the multitude of symptoms it manifests.
The thyroid has an essential role in controlling metabolism through the secreted hormones, thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3) and calcitonin.
Produced from food-containing iodine (especially salt), hormones T3 and T4 are involved, among others, in thermoregulation, weight (by accelerating or decreasing burns), basal metabolism, cholesterol and heart rate, tissue development bone and nerve, influences sex hormones, intestinal transit, skin, nails and hair.
Excessive sweating? It can be hyperthyroidism
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include heat intolerance and excessive sweating, agitation, insomnia, concentration disorders, muscle weakness, increased heart rate, hypertension, frequent stools, erectile dysfunction, eye disorders (staring, squinting eyes) despite the increased appetite.
An excess of thyroid hormones causes hyperthyroidism, a disorder in which all metabolic processes are accelerated. The most common cause of this disorder is Basedow Graves disease, the disorder being favored by hyperthyroidism and excessive treatment with thyroid hormones.
Depression can be exacerbated by hypothyroidism
Thyroid hormonal disorders induce changes in the whole body, causing symptoms that suggest dysfunction: hypo- or hyperthyroidism. In hypothyroidism: the skin is dry, rough, pale, cold, infiltrated; the patient hardly tolerates the cold.
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