The family branch of social Security has devoted no less than 6.1 billion euros the financing of the reception class children under three years of age in 2015. This financial envelope has increased by 59 % in eight years, many places in crèches have been created to meet the demand of families. This policy, however, is very questionable, after the review of expenditure conducted in June by a mission of general Inspections of social affairs and of finances (IGAS-IGF), the results of which were published this week.
the First observation is that the quantitative targets set have not been achieved, far from it. During the five years previous, the government had promised a 100,000 seater in the crib more, with the key in a strong increase of the budget dedicated to the within the family branch of social Security. On the first four years, only 28.200 places net have been created and the pledges have not been spent . Because the local authorities that co-finance these facilities, are reluctant in the face of high levels of investment. Under a strong budget constraint, they cancel sometimes projects. Worse, nearly 5,000 spaces are removed each year.
The type of care that the more costly
in the Face of this failure, the mission recommends to stop running after quantitative objectives at the national level. the ” On the other hand, it seems necessary to continue the dynamic creation of docking solutions “, ” she says. First of all, because 26 per cent of parents, according to her, who keep their child themselves would have wished to be able to keep them outside. Then, because the recovery of employment and the reform restricting the duration of parental leave of the mother will increase the demand for receptions.
Second observation, the signs of massive public resources to childcare costs a lot to social Security, while creating inequality between those who have access to the other. This type of care costs 1.482 euros per month per child, compared to 1.142 euros for a childminder, and 475 € for the enrollment to two years, depending on the mission. Gold childminders keep fewer children. And the proportion of small two-year school is stagnating.
Lack of places in kindergartens
The families really like the daycare because it is the most economical solution for them, with 91 % of grant compared to 75 % for the host individual. The home of the childminder or in shared custody, a couple earning the equivalent of two MINIMUM wage will have a rest in monthly load of 286 euros, two times more than if he had had a nursery place.
The half of the demand for places in nursery are not met . the ” based On the principle that a family will try not to spend more than the cost that would have been charged in the nursery, the system creates an incentive for one parent to work only part-time “, regrets the report. For example, mixing the use of 4 hours per day of childminder, plus one-half of parental leave, to bring to 144 euros for the rest to load (still with an income of two minimum wage (SMIC).
” This situation questions the overall coherence of public policy, to the extent that it leads to create a financial incentive for the host class, in addition to the preference spontaneous as express already the parents for this child care “, and while the branch family does not have the hand to allocate places to the most disadvantaged children , who would benefit from it the most. Affected by this poor targeting, the members come just to vote for that to be achieved in 2018 a report on the criteria for the allocation of places in nursery.
The cribs of private funding without the local communities, and that have less standards are costly to comply with, are those which develop the most quickly. They have doubled their sales between 2009 and 2015, to 958 million euros, thanks to the creation of the tax credit a family in 2004, and then with the appearance of microcrèches Paje in 2010. These last, funded by the families with the help of an add-in guard mode, accounted for a quarter of the creations of places in nursery in four years (2013-2016). However, they weigh only 4 % of community facilities.