The diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (infant and young adolescent) also has an impact on parents, because the disease manifests itself abruptly, with a serious condition that usually requires hospitalization, as explained by the director of the Diabetes and Endocrinology Center of Bahia (Cedeba), the endocrinologist Reine Chaves. With the acceptance and adherence to the treatment, life returns to normality.
That’s what happened to the teenager Luma Ester Gomes, 19 years old, accompanied by Cedeba for 4 years. “In the beginning it was very difficult. A phase marked by rebellion”, explains Fernanda Gomes, 47, Luma’s mother.
According to the resident physician of Endocrinology at Cedeba, Gabriela Teixeira, even when diabetes begins to be treated in childhood, in adolescence there is greater difficulty in achieving good control. Currently, mothers complain about another difficulty: the economic crisis has made it difficult to guarantee healthy eating.
The difficulties in maintaining the same standard of eating are very great, observes Ivanete Lima, a resident of the Northeast neighborhood of Amaralina, mother of Elias, 10, diagnosed with diabetes since age 6 years.
“At first everything was new to me. My son had many situations of hypoglycemia and I didn’t think twice: I resigned from my job. With the reduction in income and the increase in food prices, it is very difficult to buy a variety of fruits and vegetables. Not to mention proteins, whose prices soared, especially those of dairy products”, he points out.
Also complaining about the economic crisis is the widow Ronay Malta, mother of Railane Malta dos Santos, 16. Ronay works as a day laborer to supplement the pension he receives. Railane takes the treatment of diabetes very seriously and uses insulin as directed by the doctor, but he also knows the importance of eating to stay well. What influenced your professional choice for nutrition. “To teach people to eat well”, he justifies.
Type 1 Diabetes – Learn more:
- An autoimmune metabolic disease that prevents the pancreas from producing the hormone insulin. The patient will have to use insulin for life;
- It doesn’t happen because of the consumption of sweets;
- It is more frequent in the 10 to 14 age group, but it can affect children of any age, including babies;
- DMI represents 90% of childhood diabetes cases, although type 2 diabetes cases are increasing in childhood and adolescence, due to the increase in obesity;
- It usually manifests abruptly, with the patient being hospitalized in an emergency situation;
- Signs that may indicate the presence of DM1: the child feels more thirsty, urinates more, feels more hungry but loses weight. It may also have blurred vision, fatigue, acute abdominal pain and fungal infections;
- DMI accounts for 10% of all cases of diabetes, with 90% of type 2 diabetes.