The process of developing electrical technology for vehicle power supply has received a very strong external boost in recent years, impressed by the growing attention to environmental issues and the reduction of emissions that affected the auto sector, particularly in Europe, after the outbreak of Dieselgate.
The stringent emission reduction targets set by the EU regulations are such as to impose a rapid increase in the share of electric and hybrid cars, which is estimated to rise around 30-40% of the total enrollment in 2030.
On the electric car, however, Europe is at a disadvantage: the gap with the large global players is, to date, very wide. The numbers once again confirm Chinese domination: with over 1 million EVs registered in 2018, China feeds more than half of global sales. The United States follows at a great distance. Europe, with just over 380,000 electric cars sold in 2018, ranks third.
Although the result of exponential growth, the current volumes of electric cars on the European markets still represent rather marginal shares of the total registration. However, the situation is heterogeneous between countries. Notable exception is Norway, where the penetration of the e-mobility (49% in 2018) was favored by a strong policy of incentives and exemptions for users. Among others, the most significant shares are found in other Scandinavian countries and in the Netherlands. Italy is in 19th place, with a share of electricity registered in 2018 amounting to just 0.5%.
An important enabling factor to accompany the development of the automotive industry towards Electric Vehicles is that of investments in recharging infrastructure. In the last decade the growth of public electricity recharge points (PEVs) in Europe has been exponential, passing from about 400 in 2010 to the over 128 thousand estimated in 2019. The diffusion in the territory is, however, still generally very poor. Significant investments will therefore be needed on this front to support the transition to new power supplies.