Press publishers in the EU should be strengthened in the future against news search engines such as Google News significantly. Negotiators from the EU member states and the European Parliament tentatively agreed on a reform of the EU copyright including Ancillary rightsAs Parliament's negotiator Axel Voss (CDU) said. In the future, the portals should pay the publishers money for displaying article clippings in their search results.
However, the agreement must be confirmed in the coming weeks by Parliament and the states of the European Union. Because the debate is so charged, the reform could still fail here. If both sides agree, the EU countries will have two years to turn the new rules into national law.
The copyright reform was proposed in 2016 by the then EU Digital Commissioner Günther Oettinger and is to be the copyright adapt to the digital age. For months there was a lot of discussion.
Are the controversial upload filters coming?
In addition to the introduction of the ancillary copyright, the agreement in Article 13 also places greater demands on platforms such as YouTube. In the future, they must do everything possible to prevent copyright infringement on their pages. Protected works should therefore be licensed before they land on the platforms – or should not be uploaded. Critics warn that platforms are forced to introduce upload filters.
It is a software that allows Internet platforms to check when uploading whether images, videos or music are protected by copyright. Opponents complain that upload filters are error-prone and could also block content such as parodies or quotes that are actually legal. That is ultimately censorship. Enterprises younger than three years, with annual sales of less than € 10 million and less than five million users per month, are to be exempted from Article 13.
Controversial was also the ancillary copyright. Advocates argued that platforms like Google News currently do not pay any money to publishers, even though they use large amounts of their news. However, especially small publishers and news sites expressed concerns because they depend on the range.
The agreement now provides that the news search engines may continue to display hyperlinks, individual words and short text excerpts. Publishing headlines or whole sentences is prohibited.
"Value gap on the Internet" closed?
The digital copyright finally finish "the Wild West on the Internet, in which the right holders are often broken down," said negotiator Axel Voss. Thus a "value gap in the Internet" is closed. This was created by the fact that platforms for works did not have to adhere to their pages.
The Association of German Newspaper Publishers (BDZV) and the Association of German Magazine Publishers (VDZ) welcomed the agreement: "This is a good day for opinion and press diversity in Europe and the world," said the associations. The reform set "an important global standard for journalistic diversity and independent reporting."
The Greens, however, criticized the project. The reform was a "danger for small publishers, authors and Internet users," said the vice-leader of the Green Group in the European Parliament, Julia Reda. Overall, she was an "attack on the free Internet." The SPD representative Tiemo Wölken also criticized. algorithms
are not in a position to copyright infringement of a legal
Use of protected values to distinguish. And the Association of Digital Economy Eco warned that the reform would become an "obstacle to digitization in Europe".