In an interview with USA TODAY, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif spoke about US-Iran relations and the Iranian nuclear deal
Neale Haynes and Jasper Colt, USA TODAY
ANTALYA, Turkey – When the Iranians called for the full re-establishment of the economic sanctions imposed by the Trump government on Monday, their government signaled that it could be open to discussing a new arms deal with the United States should Washington cease its hiring to discuss the agreement this year will be abandoned.
Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, Iran's highest diplomat, said this weekend in an exclusive interview with USA TODAY that his government would consider diplomacy if there were "foundations for a fruitful dialogue" on Iran's nuclear reduction agreement. In May, President Donald Trump The United States pulled out of the pact with the world powers and Iran. Other signers stayed in.
"Mutual trust is not a prerequisite to start negotiations – mutual respect is a prerequisite," Zarif said in a comprehensive 45-minute interview.
The Iranians hold a poster with a caricature of President Donald Trump during an anti-US. Demonstration of the 39th anniversary of the takeover of the US Embassy. (Photo: Abedin Taherkenareh, EPA-EFE)
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said In August of state television, he would be willing to meet Trump over the collapsing deal, but Rouhani questioned Trump's theoretical discussion. US security adviser John Bolton dismissed Rouhani's remarks as propaganda. The United States and Iran broke off all diplomatic contact when Trump decided to end the agreement.
The Trump government does not believe in diplomacy. She believes in the imposition, Zarif said in an interview in front of the White House humiliating economic sanctions against the Iranian energy and banking sector
The government said the sanctions that were lifted under the treaty that Iran had signed with the United States, the United Kingdom, France, China, Russia and Germany when Barack Obama was president, aim to take stronger steps The billions of dollars he spends on financing terrorism and sowing all over the Middle East, from Syria to Yemen.
An Iranian woman holds a poster of an Iranian General of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps as she walks past a mural depicting a skull-and-white Statue of Liberty near the former US Embassy in Tehran, Iran, on November 4, 2018. (Photo: Abedin Taherkenareh, EPA-EFE)
The White House did not respond to a request to address Zarif's remarks. The Foreign Ministry declined to comment. State Secretary Mike Pompeo said on Monday: "The Iranian regime has a choice, it can either make a 180 degree turnaround from its unlawful behavior and behave like a normal country, or it can collapse its economy." We hope a new one Agreement with Iran is possible. "
The Trump administration approved more than 700 Iranian banks, businesses and individuals. It issued oil sanctions for China, India, Italy, Greece, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and Turkey. This will allow them to continue buying Iranian oil.
Rouhani said on Monday his nation was facing a "war situation" and vowed that Iran would "sell its oil." The Iranian military has announced that there will be defense exercises to prove its capabilities.
"Terrible, one-sided nuclear deal with Iran"
At a meeting on Sunday's election in Georgia, Trump said, "Iran was a completely different country," after he had withdrawn from "the terrible, one-sided nuclear deal with Iran." Trump said, "When I came in, it was only a matter of how long it would take them to take over the entire Middle East."
A previous round of Washington-administered sanctions that restricted Iran's access to US dollars and its ability to trade certain goods entered into force in August.
Although the US government has insisted that sanctions are not aimed at humanitarian goods, basic items have become more expensive and some life-saving medicines are unavailable due to a currency crash and international companies are withdrawing from Iran.
"Mutual respect begins with respect for yourself, respect for your signature, and respect for your own word," Zarif said, referring to various international agreements Trump had given up or renegotiated since he took office.
The Iranian Foreign Minister spoke with USA TODAY in Antalya, a tourist resort on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey, where he attended a business conference. He addressed the question of how the crippled Iranian economy will cope with the sanctions and attempts of the European leaders to save the deal without Washington.
"Iran is being used for sanctions"
"The current US administration is essentially calling on all members of the international community to violate international law" by forcing them to break an agreement enshrined in a United Nations Security Council resolution, Zarif said. "Iran is used to US sanctions," he said. "We have had her for almost 39 years."
Zarif discussed Iran's reputation as a bad actor in the Middle East and his view of Saudi Arabia, the country's long-standing regional enemy. The Saudis were then examined intensively the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi by the state employees of Riyadh in Istanbul.
More: Read the transcript of the USA TODAY interview with Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif
"Unfortunately, one person was brutally murdered," Zarif said, accusing the Saudis of participating in the global turmoil. Who created the Taliban, whose citizens were involved in the 9/11 attacks, who supported the Islamic States group in Syria, who bombed Yemeni civilians, who kidnapped the Lebanese Prime Minister and detained him for three weeks? … look at all these realities. "
Zarif said, "Not only has the United States made the wrong decision (by being an ally from Saudi Arabia), but the West has sent a false signal." Basically, the Saudi Royal Family has literally said that you can get away with murder. "
Zarif pointed out that Trump's decision to withdraw from the nuclear deal met with the objections of its closest allies – and despite repeated reaffirmation by the International Atomic Energy Agency (UN), that Iran is reducing the terms of the agreement of uranium enrichment.
"If someone just says, 'I do not like it. I want to move away from it, because I believe that I am powerful enough to do it. "What is the guarantee that you will not do that again in the next agreement?" Zarif said.
Return to the negotiating table?
For US-Iranian talks, "it does not have to be another administration, but it requires a different approach," Zarif said.
Esfandyar Batmanghelidj, founder of Bourse & Bazaar, a media company that supports economic diplomacy between Europe and Iran, said, "Zarif says nothing if he does not want to signal where Iran's thinking is … What's significant says On the eve of the re-use of sanctions … It does not appear that Iran is asking the US to re-enter the deal, but it is clear that diplomacy has an underflow that is open to Iran the US has proven to be "reasonable" in respecting "the nuclear agreement."
In an interview with Fox News Sunday host Chris Wallace, Pompeo said the United States would support the Iranian people and that the sanctions are aimed "to ensure that the malicious behavior of the Islamic Republic of Iran is changed".
"That's the goal, that's the mission, and we'll do that on behalf of the president," said Pompeo, the United States' top diplomat.
Trump said he was open to the idea of holding talks with the Iranian leadership without preconditions about the prospect of a new nuclear deal – an offer that Iran has consistently rejected and that needs the help of Europe to keep the nuclear agreement alive receive.
"We have an agreement with the United States, not a bilateral agreement, but a 150-page agreement, and the United States has decided to move away from it," Zarif said.
He ripped off a lot of agreements that the Trump government had either withdrawn or was about to be renegotiated, from the North-American Free Trade Agreement's Paris climate change agreement to a landmark arms control agreement with Russia, which belonged to the Reagan administration in the 1980s.
"It is not our fault that the United States is not a reliable negotiating partner," Zarif said. "It's a problem the international community is facing."
Zarif said, "I think people can change, this administration can have a different approach."
His only concession: "We are ready to wait for this approach."
Other points from the interview:
How do the sanctions affect Iran?
"(Iran) provides subsidies to provide the necessities for people's lives at their previous prices, but nobody claims that economic sanctions do not hurt economic sanctions are always detrimental, but they do not achieve the political goals they want to achieve "
Whether Europe's efforts to save the nuclear deal,
"The" Special Purpose Vehicle "(a financial mechanism developed by European officials to enable trade and banking services with Iran to continue despite the sanctions) is a measure specifically designed as a first step in addressing the Iranian problem Situation, but its ultimate goal is not simply to isolate trade between Iran and Europe or between Iran and its third party partners, but (indeed for Europe) to protect itself from the pressure that the US faces. "
Whether the Iranian oil industry is affected
"Trump and his government said they would bring Iran's oil export to zero (because of sanctions on its exports), we said that this would be a dream that will never come true." We have now seen that we were right ( because the United States of America spent) oil export waivers in eight countries that want to continue buying Iranian oil). "
How does Iran see the midtones and US politics?
"We have no hope (the election in Congress) or 2020 (if presidential elections take place in the US) What sets Iran apart from some US customers in the region is that we not only survived despite the US, but against the US … Iran has been through democratic and republican governments in the past, and everyone has been hostile. "
More: Journalist USA TODAY had rare access to reports in Iran last summer
More: America's controversial history in Iran leads to a mixture of anger, amazement and fatigue
Contributed by David Jackson and Deirdre Shesgreen
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