A find of fossil remains in Israel could change the story of human evolution: Homo Nesher Ramla would have been the ancestor species to Homo Neanderthalesis, which spread throughout Europe, and shares traits with other groups that inhabited Asia.
The first traces of the discovery that led to all the research were studied by Yossi Zaidner, from the Institute of Archeology of the Hebrew University of Jersualén, during salvage excavations at the site, which is located in the mining area of the cement factory. from Nesher, near the town of Ramla. When excavating about eight meters, large amounts of animal bones, stone tools and bones were found humans, in particular some teeth and fragments of jaw and skulls. From that moment on, experts from various countries were involved and the final article was published in Science. “This is a group in itself, with different traits and characteristics,” emphasized Racher Sarig, an anthropologist at Tel Aviv University and a member of the study.
From the analysis of the remains, the specialists determined that Homo Nesher Ramla lived 140 thousand years ago, at the end of the Middle Pleistocene. Presumably, small groups of this lineage migrated to Western Europe, where they evolved into “classical” Neanderthals, and also to Asia, developing into archaic populations with Neanderthal features. “The discovery of the Nesher Ramla site writes a fascinating new chapter in human history,” Sarig said in a statement.
According to the researchers, Nesher Ramla’s Homo morphology shares traits both with Neanderthals, especially teeth and jaws, and with archaic Homo, specifically the skull. At the same time, this type is very different from modern humans in that it has a completely different cranial structure, it has no chin, and it has very large teeth. The experts also posited that Nesher Ramla’s humans are not the only ones of their kind discovered in the region and that some human fossils previously found in Israel, which puzzled anthropologists for years, such as the Tabun cave fossils (160,000 ago years), the cave of Zuttiyeh (250,000) and the cave of Qesem (400,000), belong to this new detailed group. “Based on the studies they published, it can be said that they were hunter-gatherers. They fed by hunting deer, hares, and other perhaps larger animals. They also ate fruits ”, answered the researcher Mirazón Lahr and pointed out that so far, there is no evidence that they have developed any artistic activity.