Trainers accused of falsely portraying potential students as athletes have been dismissed or suspended from their universities, and schools are reviewing their enrolled students to confirm that no one else has been involved.

It remains to be seen, however, what will happen to the students themselves. According to the criminal affidavit, some of the students were aware of the fraud, others had no idea.

Are students excluded or may they continue to go to school? What are the consequences, if any?

CNN talked to two experts on university admissions and university laws about the potential outcome for students whose parents had pulled the strings to take them to prestigious universities.

Here they have something to say.

The fate of the students is determined on a case by case basis.

Christine Helwick, the former Advocate General of the California State University system, said there was no real solution to the future of these students.

"It has to be a case-by-case decision," she said.

If it is determined that a pupil has cheated on a test such as the SAT or lied when applying to the school, his or her fate depends on where he was in the application process and whether he was already enrolled or had graduated Fraud was discovered. Said Helwick.

If they were in the middle of the application process, the school could easily ignore them. At least two universities have stated that they would refuse admission of students if they are related to the scandal.

If they have already graduated, Helwick said she doubted that a school would retire.

Universities would have the hardest decisions for students still enrolled, Helwick said, and she said schools should check whether these students were aware of the fraud or whether they were made by their parents behind the back of the student.

Ed Boland, a former Yale University admissions official and author of his memoir, "The Battle for Room 314," agreed, saying that a school dean would likely initiate an investigation to determine if the student was aware of the fraud , and if so, if the student was involved in the process.

Those who knew should be expelled, says an expert

According to the criminal affidavit, not all students were aware of the fraud arranged by their parents. Currently no students are charged in the scandal.

Two of the affidavits convinced were the daughters of Elizabeth and Manuel Henriquez, who are accused of paying hundreds of thousands of dollars and favors as part of the fraud. The affidavit says that her daughters have actively participated. CNN has contacted the Henriquezes to comment.

According to the affidavit, a Proctor who had been paid to sit by Henriquezes's eldest daughter's daughter's side and give answers during the exam, "with her and her mother" "cheerfully" cheated on her and got away with it were. "

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In the cases of students involved in cheating, Boland said such behavior justifies "immediate exclusion," and universities should show everyone that they can not bear cheating the admissions process.

"This scandal undermines public belief in the process," he said, "and schools must act decisively and swiftly to show the public that they are as alert as the public."

When asked if it was credible that some students did not know about the fraud, Boland said he believed it was. If fewer people participated in the process, it would be easier to control.

For example, according to the affidavit, a student admitted to the University of Southern California as an athlete had no idea of ​​the arrangement and was surprised when his guidance counselor asked him about the track.

Boland also pointed out that many students "do not want to benefit from it, although their parents wish it".

Helwick did not necessarily agree, pointing out that the alleged fraud was cheating on SATs or ACTs, or being presented as a potential athlete for a team they did not want to play with.

"It's hard to imagine that a student knows about either of these skills," she said.

Could you get a second chance?

Both Helwick and Boland indicated that students could have a chance of salvation, as the case may be.

Some schools may be willing to see if the students in question have yet proven they can stand on their own, Helwick said, deciding whether to stay.

"How far have you progressed?" She asked. "How well did they do that, did they prove that they really are capable of reaching someone who has entered under normal circumstances?"

What we know so far in college is a scam scandal

Otherwise, a student might be asked to leave the university and visit another institution to prove his or her academic merit on their own, Boland said. This is "a very common practice", often for a student who either failed or celebrated too much and not I do not take their education seriously enough.

Helwick said, "Community colleges are available to all types of people."

Melanie Schuman and Mark Morales of CNN contributed to this report.

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