Dhe German economy believes that if the Libyan conflict is resolved, economic cooperation with the country will improve significantly again. The head of foreign trade at the German Chamber of Industry and Commerce (DIHK), Volker Treier, said: "Libya once had the status of an important oil supplier for the German economy and was therefore an important trading partner on the African continent." Libya has since lost this status ,
"However, should the situation in Libya normalize again and the country decide to rebuild the largely destroyed infrastructure, Libya has the potential to grow back into an important partner of the German economy," said Treier. "The German economy has the technology and the know-how to rebuild the dilapidated and in many places destroyed infrastructure."
Treier said that German exports to Libya have almost completely ceased in recent years. In 2018, the bilateral trade volume amounted to 3.7 billion euros – of which German exports accounted for around 326 million euros. In the first ten months of 2019, German exports were increased by 27 percent, so that an export volume of around 360 million euros can be expected for 2019. According to DIHK, the German economy supplies machines and systems for petroleum exploration as well as urgently needed food and other medical products to Libya. German imports from Libya in 2018 consisted of 99.4 percent petroleum.
Federal government warns of too high expectations
Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) has invited to a Libya summit in Berlin this Sunday. She had been cautiously confident that there could be progress towards a negotiated solution for the civil war country. However, the federal government has also warned against too high expectations: the meeting is "important", but only "a start," said deputy government spokeswoman Ulrike Demmer on Wednesday. The "solution to all problems" could not be achieved within a day.
UN Secretary General António Guterres has called for broad international support for the Berlin Libya conference. He appealed to all UN member states and regional organizations to "firmly support the conference," Guterres said in New York. The UN Secretary-General will attend the meeting itself, which will seek ways to find a political solution for the civil war country.
Guterres called on the Libyan conflicting parties to "constructively" try to stabilize the current ceasefire. In Berlin it will be a matter of uniting the international community behind the goal of ending the armed conflict in the North African country and returning to a “political process”.
"The best chance for a long time"
Fajes Sarradsch, head of the internationally recognized unity government in Tripoli, and renegade General Chalifa Haftar were invited to the conference. However, Demmer could not say whether the two main opponents of the civil war would come.
Foreign Minister Heiko Maas (SPD) traveled three days before the planned summit
at short notice for talks with General Haftar. "With the Berlin process, we have had the best chance for a long time to start peace talks for Libya," said Maas before leaving for Benghazi on Thursday
Northeast of the North African crisis state. The planned conversation with Haftar was conducted by Maas on behalf of the EU foreign ministers, it said from the Federal Foreign Office. “We have been negotiating for months how to stop the lethal flow of weapons and fighters from abroad. In order to find an agreement on this, we brought all relevant international players to the table for Sunday, ”said Maas.
There is currently a ceasefire brokered by Russia and Turkey in Libya. Negotiations on a permanent ceasefire in Moscow failed on Tuesday. Haftar launched an offensive on Tripoli. In Libya, chaotic power relations have prevailed since the overthrow of the long-standing ruler Muammar Gaddafi in 2011.
. (tagsToTranslate) Volker Treier (t) António Guterres (t) Ulrike Demmer (t) United Nations (t) Federal Government (t) DIHK (t) Revival