EFE. Consume good and adequate nutrients helps maintain an optimal energy system during the cold season, said a specialist.

"To face the cold, a person should consume 5 to 10% more calories than usual, although you should seek a healthy diet that is characterized by a good distribution of nutrients," explained Dr. Sergio Gustavo Zuniga Sanchez, professor of the University of the Valley of Mexico (UVM) San Rafael Campus.

He added that, for example, 50% of the income of food in the body is required to be high quality carbohydrates, such as fruits or whole grains, instead of eating sweets.

While 30% should be attributable to fats such as olive oil or avocado which are good fats and not bad fats like that of fried foods.

The remaining 20% ​​could be protein such as egg, chicken, red meat.

"A healthy diet, in addition to a good energy balance, would be optimal to cope this winter," said Zúñiga.

Read: Anticipating complementary feeding raises risk of overweight

Similarly, he said that nutritional status should be improved to care for the skin which is dried during the cold season, consume foods rich in protein, vitamins and minerals.

"For example, vitamin A favors the skin, like zinc, selenium and magnesium," he said.

In addition, he added, there are other micronutrients that also help to avoid lesions in mucous membranes, lips and eyes.

Similarly, he said that people should protect their skin during the cold season, warm up, cover nose, mouth and wear gloves on the hands and thick socks to protect the feet.

Recommended to keep the skin hydrated as it is the largest organ that the human body has and with the cold it suffers dehydration, it dries and flakes, it can even crack or suffer injuries that can be complicated by subsequent infections.

"A good cream that hydrates and prevents water loss, is optimal," he said.

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