Good or bad ? Kaspersky experts give their opinion on the impact of AI on cybersecurity

(Agence Ecofin) – While Internet users and experts of all kinds marvel at ChatGPT and its impressive capabilities, the business world is worried about the new threats that OpenAI’s conversational AI could cause. Kaspersky lifts a corner of the veil on what to expect now.

On February 15, Kaspersky hosted a webinar to discuss how AI, including ChatGPT, can influence the cyber threat landscape and cybersecurity in organizations, and the implications for information system security.

With the advent of ChatGPT, should businesses soon expect a wave of even more advanced cyberattacks? Will current cybersecurity solutions be sufficient? Instead, will ChatGPT provide cybersecurity specialists with more efficient and intelligent threat defense and hunting tools? Will the emergence of ChatGPT and similar AI language models lead to increased cybersecurity costs? How cybersecurity experts can use ChatGPT. So many questions to which three experts from the world leader in cybersecurity solutions and services have provided some answers.

Vladislav Tushkanov, Lead Data Scientist, Maher Yamout, Senior Security Researcher, and Victor Sergeev, Incident Response Team Leader, discussed the pros and cons of using conversational AI in threat hunting and malware analysis.

According to Vladislav Tushkanov, as an automated language model, ChatGPT can potentially pose a threat to computer security, as it can be used to generate spam, write malicious programs and sophisticated phishing messages. Moreover, as ChatGPT is able to provide general advice on hacking and malicious activities, it could encourage malicious individuals to engage in illegal behavior, points out the data scientist.

Maher Yamout, meanwhile, believes ChatGPT has the potential to be a game-changer for cybercriminals and cyber defense organizations. According to him, OpenAI’s conversational AI could become a standalone AI tool for hacking. He pointed out that the similar AI language models could be used by cybercriminals, which would make it more difficult for companies in terms of security. And not to mention an increase in cybersecurity costs. However, cyber defenders could also benefit from it. As such, he presented during the webinar several use cases of ChatGPT to strengthen cybersecurity.

Thus, according to Maher Yamout, ChatGPT can be used to detect sophisticated phishing attacks. By analyzing suspicious messages, the tool can determine if they contain elements that could indicate a sophisticated attack, such as suspicious or misleading URLs or forged company logos, he explains. ChatGPT can also be used as an excellent tool for cybersecurity training, recalled for his part Vladislav Tushkanov.

Victor Sergeev, meanwhile, showed how cybersecurity experts can use the OpenAI chatbot. Most importantly, it showcased a ChatGPT-based Indicators of Compromise (IoC) scanner, which can be used to detect malware and security threats.

In Africa, to put it into perspective, the proliferation of cyberattacks in recent years has placed cybersecurity at the heart of business concerns. Between January 2020 and February 2021, Trend Micro detected several hundred million threats in the African cyberspace, such as 679 million emails, 8.2 million files and 14.3 million web addresses. These alarming figures come on top of the loss of more than $4.2 billion suffered by the continent in 2021, according to a study by Kenyan cybersecurity company Serianu. These experts agree that if Africa does not seize the opportunities and challenges associated with the advent of AIs like ChatGPT, these losses could worsen.

Fiat E. Kakpo

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