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Government | Congress | PCM | Guido Bellido | Free Peru | Barranzuela | Maraví | Vladimir Cerrón | The 100 lost days of Pedro Castillo suffered by Peru | POLITICS

The appointment of a premier investigated by apology to terrorism, a first cabinet with members linked to Movadef, a foreign minister was out in 19 days, the historic rise of the dollar, seven ministers replaced in three months, attack on the press, the bench of Free Peru divided, mine strikes, vandalism, signatures to convene a constituent Assembly, among other peculiarities, is what the first 100 days of Pedro Castillo in the power. Chaos.

And it is that, during these 2,387 hours and 56 minutes that are fulfilled under this government, there have been more “unfavorable results”, concludes the political analyst Luis Benavente. Even other experts point out that President Castillo has not achieved the political and economic stability that his own Bicentennial Plan outlined.

The descent

Pedro Castillo started his regime with a 45% disapproval in August, according to Ipsos. Then things got worse: 46% unpopularity in September and 48% in October.

In Datum figures, the picture is similar and Castillo’s disapproval was on the rise. The president went from having 41% in August to 46% in September, to end with a 50% rejection in October.

SIGHT: Pedro Castillo will report on the first 100 days of his government in Ayacucho next Wednesday 10

Thats not all. In the area where Castillo had the most support during the elections, the south of the country, no longer has the same level of support. In that macro-region, the approval of the head of state has been reduced by 12 percentage points, falling from 62% to 50% between September and October, according to Datum.

Speaking to Peru21, political analysts José Carlos Requena and Luis Benavente agree that this is the result of improvisation and the poor choice of ministers.

“Regardless of ideological positions, a government has to follow basic questions of democracy, President Castillo has not been interested, nor has he achieved political and economic stability,” Benavente said.

And he added: “(Castillo) has broken political stability by putting people questioned in high responsibilities as ministers, and this has caused the opposition to feed on these errors and to demand, and finally achieve, their resignation; this in turn has repercussions on the economy and economic instability is generated ”.

Requena indicated that the expectations that the president had aroused, “especially in the sector of his voters, not so much in those who were in some way the forced option, are clearly being squandered and in that the recruitment of not necessarily the best collaborators ”.

He commented that Castillo’s administration is showing “great improvisation” and agreed with Benavente that the appointment of inexperienced ministers, and with justified questions, “has pushed this scenario to unfold.”

According to the polls, in Lima and Callao the president registers the highest disapproval with 63%.

Truncated promises

As soon as he was sworn in as president, Pedro Castillo released a list of promises; however, once faced with reality, it has not been able to fulfill them.

One of them refers to the health sector, as read in his “Bicentennial Plan” that he presented for his first 100 days in office.

So far it has not formed a Ministry of Science, Technology and Research that was included in its “National Pandemic Free Peru Program.” Nor has it formed a Unified National Command for the fight against COVID-19, nor local Health Assemblies.

The rural and urban rounds do not coordinate with the health establishments the development of the Local Health Plan, as announced; Nor have “20 million masks, 2 million oximeters, or 2 million bottles of alcohol and soap been distributed periodically.”

The State has not acquired “1,000 equipped ICU beds, 4,000 high-flow cannulas, or 5,000 hospital beds.” All this only in the health sector.

Another of the unspecified promises, although very foolish indeed, was the “expansion of the peasant and urban ring system” to complement citizen security together with the National Police. This is very similar to the commitment to a second agrarian reform, which although it was announced almost nothing is seen of its execution. The call for a referendum to change the Constitution has been weak, given the unconstitutional nature of the proposal and low popular support, according to polls.

But the main promise, of generating economic well-being for the people, is the one that has least been fulfilled. In fact, it has rather generated inflation, price increases, a rise in the dollar, investment threats, negative business expectations, etc.

“They are 100 days really very negative for the country, with very poor management, they are only achieving a confrontation between Peruvians, between rich and poor,” said Luis Benavente.

For his part, José Carlos Requena said that, despite this, several of Pedro Castillo’s promises have had to be “nuanced”, such as the nationalization of companies, and this is seen as something “positive” since, “in some cases (the proposals) had neither head nor tail ”.

“The president has to govern, he has to surround himself with efficient, professional people,” Benavente said. But there is nothing in sight to suggest that Castillo will have a better government in the future.

WITHOUT SUPPORT FROM THE GOVERNMENT.  Mining is the engine of the economy.  Photo: ALESSANDRO CURRARINO / EL COMERCIO
WITHOUT SUPPORT FROM THE GOVERNMENT. Mining is the engine of the economy. Photo: ALESSANDRO CURRARINO / EL COMERCIO

“The economic north is not clear”

Economist Diego Macera pointed out to Peru21 that the first 100 days of President Pedro Castillo’s administration have not made clear “an economic north” for the country.

Macera highlights that, despite this scenario, some successes are recognized by the government. An example, he argued, was the ratification of Julio Velarde at the head of the BCR, whose permanence prevented the price of the dollar from rising, which had already exceeded 4 soles and put the economic stability of Peruvians in trouble.

However, he adds that this fact does not mean that other senior positions have been selected correctly – as happened with several ministers – decisions that, he argues, have exacerbated uncertainty in the markets. “All financial and expectations indicators point to less confidence in the country, including, of course, the exchange rate,” says the specialist.

On the other hand, Macera points out that he does not see the Castillo government “do enough” to reverse and change “the contraction of private investment” and anticipates that in the next year the country is expected to continue involved in the same situation.

Having Pedro Francke as Minister of Economy has not helped to alleviate the expectations of the different productive sectors and, on the contrary, now, with a request for powers to increase taxes, it does not give companies confidence.

Analysis

Edgar Tello // Free Peru Congressman

  • “It is just in the process of installation.” Pedro Castillo is forming a whole plan for change. In this short time we could not give an opinion as to how the government is doing because it is just in the process of installation. Castillo cannot comply with his commitments because the benches of the coup right wing demand results, but they will not let him govern. The coup right does not assume that there is a new government and that it has won with the support of the population. The sector that has not won the elections still does not want to realize it and, therefore, there is a whole situation of instability that they generate.

Carlos Anderson // Congressman of Podemos

  • “There is no way to disguise failure.” What the government has done is chaos. It has been 100 days of uncertainty, of nameless appointments, of lack of clarity. In part it is because they have arrived with a party in an uneven way to the government, they did not expect beyond the electoral fence and they found themselves with a responsibility far beyond their capabilities. There is no way to disguise the failure of the president, there is an obsession with politics, an obsession to solve problems between the ruling party and the government itself, they have plunged the country into the divisionist logic that is typical of the left.

Roberto Chiabra // Congressman of APP

  • “The government of Castillo is improvised.” The only thing we have seen is the formation of low-quality cabinets and that means that the political instability that our country suffers is the sole fault of the Executive. The president has to realize that he is no longer a union leader. It is an improvised government that he heads, which is undermining security and legal stability. It is a shame that 100 days have been lost, all governments start with their best cadres to demonstrate their management capacity for the benefit of the population, but that is not what we Peruvians see now.

Karol Paredes // AP Congressman

  • “Expectations are not being met.” This management has started with many people who have placed their hopes in Castillo, but unfortunately they are not meeting those expectations. Until today no action has been shown or seen, I can say that Pedro Castillo’s 100-day management has been pigeonholed in other things that are not needs of the population. I would recommend that it have a technical and political team that responds to these demands and demands, that it has politics, that it begins to work accordingly, and that it guarantees the trust of the population.

Keep in mind

  • According to the polls, in Lima and Callao the president registers the highest disapproval with 63%.
  • Former Minister Luis Barranzuela had a 62% rejection rate throughout the country.

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