Three million people in Spain suffer from osteoporosis, a deteriorating disease affecting bone density and quality. The name means a porous bone bone 'and makes bones become more vulnerable.
It is this fragility in the bones that causes them to break easily. In Spain, the disease calls more than 330,000 bone fractures every year, particularly in hips and forearms. The risk of condition is the difficulty of detecting it. It is usually asymmetrical and only starts to show when it is in high condition, preventing doctors from delaying their evolution.
The main reason is bone decline than age and it begins to appear in people over 60. The body takes calcium with the bones to keep strong, but over time the absorption decreases and becomes less dense bones. In addition to age, there are many other factors that could increase the onset of osteoporosis.
Being a woman is one of the main factors, because women are mostly affected by the disease, and only 13 per cent are male. The conditions can be due to family history, being overweight, smoking, excessive consumption of alcohol and coffee. A diet that is weak in calcium, can be inactive and accelerate pollution to bone density.
Can osteoporosis be prevented? Decline of bone tissue is an inevitable process as we age. But there are some lifestyle options that can change the evolution slightly. The maintenance of healthy habits does not guarantee avoiding osteoporosis but can slow the disease from progress.
A balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D is essential. There should be enough foods such as fatty fish, dairy, nuts, legumes, green leafy vegetables and eggs for exposure to the sun. Physical exercise helps to maintain bone health. It reduces the risk of fractures occurring and if used outside, helps to absorb the necessary vitamin D.
Toxic habits are not encouraged as the consumption of alcohol or tobacco, as they reduce the absorption of calcium and other important minerals including phosphorus and magnesium. After menopause, there should be periodic reviews by women, or by people who have a greater risk of osteoporosis. A test measuring mass of bone gives doctors an opportunity to make an accurate diagnosis.