Skipping breakfast is significantly associated with an increased risk of death from heart disease, according to a study published Monday in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, showing new evidence of the importance of having breakfast every day.
Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1988 to 1994 with an average follow-up of 18 years, the researchers collected information from 6,550 participants, aged 40 to 75, who had no history of cardiovascular disease or cancer.
Participants were asked "how often do you eat breakfast?" and the possible answers included "every day", "some days", "rarely" and "never". Among the participants, 5.1 percent never had breakfast, 10.9 percent rarely had breakfast, 25 percent ate breakfast a few days and 59 percent ate breakfast every day.
Participants who never consumed breakfast had an 87 percent higher risk of specific mortality from cardiovascular disease than those who ate breakfast every day. The scientists said that skipping breakfast was related to changes in appetite and decreased satiety, high blood pressure and damaging changes in lipid levels. It was also a marker of unhealthy lifestyle behavior.