Healthy teeth, healthy body: the right oral hygiene is important
The impact of dental health on general health has long been underestimated. Clean teeth and healthy gums are also important for a healthy body. Those who have bad teeth have, among other things, a greater risk of suffering from cardiovascular diseases. Health experts explain what matters in oral hygiene.
Periodontitis can lead to serious illnesses
In Germany suffer approximately three out of four adults with periodontitis , This chronic inflammation of the periodontium not only damages the teeth, but can also cause life-threatening illnesses according to scientific investigations. So the germs can get into the bloodstream via the inflammation in the gum and in this way, among other things diabetes , Vascular calcifications or one Heart attack favor. In addition, US scientists have found that in some women high risk of breast cancer due to periodontitis consists. To prevent, attention should be paid to the proper oral hygiene.
Proper oral hygiene not only protects against caries and gum problems, but also against serious illnesses. Experts explain what is important when brushing your teeth. (Image: Monkey Business / fotolia.com)
To prevent tooth decay and toothache
Through proper oral hygiene you can not only diseases mentioned above, but of course caries, gingivitis, toothache and unpleasant bad breath prevent.
Nothing is as good as regular brushing.
But what is the right kind of dental care? Should you be better manually or electrically Clean? Which toothpaste is recommended? Do dental care chewing gums bring something? Experts have some useful tips.
Brush teeth twice a day
A conscientious oral hygiene can not begin early enough, because Milk teeth must be thoroughly cleaned ,
Dentists advise brushing their teeth at least twice a day. Best after breakfast and especially after dinner. According to experts, the Dental care much more important in the evening than the next morning ,
How long you want to clean depends on factors such as the amount of teeth in the mouth, your own skill, the cleaning technique and the tools used. The optimal cleaning time is usually given as two to five minutes.
Although until recently experts assumed that after a meal with acidic or sugary foods, you should wait half an hour to brush your teeth, as the acid dissolves minerals from the enamel and you make the process even worse by brushing – tooth enamel is wiped off ,
But now this recommendation is critically discussed by dentists because the benefits of brushing immediately after eating seem to outweigh the potential disadvantages.
Clean interdental spaces properly
Bear in mind that the toothbrush only gets about 70 percent of the dirt pads – the rest sits between your teeth. Therefore, you should at least once a day Clean interdental spaces properly ,
Dental floss is best for this. However, one has to be careful not to hurt the gums. Also suitable as alternatives are toothed wood, toothpicks or interdental brushes.
Also Mouthwashes clean interdental spaces , In order to control its own cleansing sequence one can occasionally use a staining tablet which shows which areas have not become clean.
Electric toothbrushes especially useful in old age
As a rule, dentists recommend brushes with soft to medium hard, rounded bristles and short heads. With these you can also reach the back teeth easier.
Many experts believe that electric toothbrushes give better results. This is mainly because the brush heads vibrate or rotate so that your own movements are supported and facilitated.
In addition, electric toothbrushes may be useful especially in the case of limited flexibility, for example in old age.
However, children should first learn the proper brushing technique with a manual toothbrush before later switching to an electric toothbrush.
Brushing teeth in old age
“For people whose dexterity has diminished in old age or whose fine motor skills are limited by a disability, there are special toothbrushes,” explains the initiative proDente on their website ,
“A larger, sturdy handle makes it easier to hold the toothbrush. So it can be better managed. The brush head should have a rounded head end to prevent injuries in the mouth, “it continues.
And: “In addition, it must not be too small, so that the teeth are sufficiently clean even with a shorter cleaning time.”
Do not exert too much pressure
Too much pressure when brushing is discouraged, because this may damage the enamel under certain circumstances.
For example, scrubbing can also cause damage to the gums and the neck of the tooth, as this will cause the hard tooth substance to be scoured away.
The pressure during cleaning should be equal to 150 grams, which you can try by pressing with the toothbrush on a kitchen scale.
If the bristles of the toothbrush are bent after four weeks, that is an indication of too much pressure. A toothbrush should normally be replaced about every three months.
Also after a cold The brush should be replaced best so as not to re-infect.
It depends on the right technology
Experts are advised to always brush in the same order so that a routine is established and no area is forgotten. Kropp recommends the so-called KAI technique.
This means that first the chewing surfaces, then the outer surfaces and then the inside of the teeth are cleaned.
It is basically from red (gums) to white (tooth) cleaned. Shaking and stroking is particularly useful, according to dentists.
On the website The Federal Dental Association is to find a video that explains in 60 seconds, how the KAI system works.
Sugar-free chewing gum and healthy nutrition
That Chewing gum chewing for healthy teeth It is not because the sugar-free products remove plaque, but it stimulates salivation.
Saliva has an antibacterial and cleansing effect and ensures that minerals that are removed, for example, by sugar or acids, making the tooth more susceptible to tooth decay, are re-deposited in the enamel.
They should be chewed for about five to ten minutes after eating. Although chewing gum is a good supplement to dental care, it does not replace brushing your teeth.
Dr. also sees this. Stephan Ziegler, dentist and head of the KU64 dental practice from Berlin.
The physician, who in a contribution of “Heilpraxisnet” about Errors of dental and oral hygiene enlightened, said: “Basically, no other means can replace the cleaning power of a toothbrush.”
In addition to sugar-free chewing gum, some can Nutrition tips for a radiant smile help. So, among others Carrots, mineral water and whole grains help keep your teeth healthy.
Good toothpaste does not have to be expensive
Last but not least, oral hygiene also depends on the right toothpaste. This should contain fluoride. This protects against tooth decay.
For children up to six years, toothpaste should contain no more than 500 ppm (parts per million – one million parts), adult toothpaste 1,450.
So-called whitening toothpastes with coarse plaster bodies can damage the enamel and are therefore not recommended by experts.
Good quality does not have to be expensive. Thus, the consumer advocates of Stiftung Warentest found in an investigation that Toothpastes for 65 cents sometimes better than products that cost many times as much. (Ad)