How Britain Will Be 100 Years After the End of the First World War and Remind Our Heroes

How Britain Will Be 100 Years After the End of the First World War and Remind Our Heroes

This weekend is 100 years after the end of the First World War.

There will be worship and parades across the UK to commemorate the contribution of British and Commonwealth soldiers and women involved in the two world wars and later conflicts.

    There will be worship services and parades on Sunday 100 years since the end of the First World War
There will be worship services and parades on Sunday 100 years since the end of the First World War

nationwide

From 6 clock: Throughout the day, huge portraits of local war heroes for Pages Of The Sea's national event will be sapped on 32 beaches across the UK.

England

10 am: Commemorating Sunday, Newcastle. A march from the Civic Center to the war memorial at Eldon Square covered with knitted poppies.

10.25: Commemorating Sunday Parade, Manchester. Former armed forces and charities will attend a parade in the city center before a service at the War Memorial.

10.30 clock: Commemoration of Sunday, Leeds. The city's mayor will attend a military parade from the Leeds City Museum to a war memorial in honor of those who lost their lives.

10.30 am: Annual Memorial Service, Liverpool. Thousands of poppies fall from the roof of the city's St. George's Hall after a parade and a service led by veterans and community leaders.

10.30 am: Commemorative parade for Sunday in Birmingham. Ex-service staff and other organizations are marching to honor lost members of the armed forces.
11 clock Commemoration at the National Memorial Arboretum, Staffs – a year-round center of remembrance.

1.30 pm: Beach tribute to Sgt Stanley McDougall, Weymouth, Dorset. The Australian soldier Sgt McDougall won the VC because he had killed seven men in France and captured a machine gun in March 1918 in France.

15:50: Beach tributes to Capt Kenneth Grigson, East Looe, Cornwall. Captain Grigson from nearby Pelynt won the military cross and died in July 1918 on the Marne. He was 23 years old.

15:45: Beach Tribute to Gurkha Kulbir Thapa, Lyme Regis, Dorset. Thapa won a Victoria Cross for supporting a wounded soldier behind German lines. He later returned to Nepal and died in 1956 at the age of 66 years.

Scotland

10.30 am: Ceasefire train, Edinburgh. Veterans, members of the armed forces and standard bearers will gather on the Edinburgh Castle esplanade before marching to a ceremony at the city's Stone of Remembrance.

1:45 pm: In Edinburgh, poems by Wilfred Owen and Siegfried Sassoon are read at a free concert on the grounds of the former Craiglockhart Military Hospital, where both men were among the soldiers who were treated there for shell shock.

4 pm Memorial service, Glasgow Cathedral. The first Minister Nicola Sturgeon and Princess Anne will be present.
On the side of the Scottish parliament in Holyrood an enlightenment of the names of 134.712 men and women killed in Scotland is projected.
Wales

7.20 am: Beach tributes to Ellis Evans, Colwyn Bay, Conwy. The poet died in 1917 at the age of 30 years in Passchendaele.

3 pm: Welsh National Memorial Service, Cardiff. A book of the 35,000 names of Welsh soldiers and women who died in World War I is presented in worship at Llandaff Cathedral.

Northern Ireland

10.30 am: Commemoration of the ceasefire, Belfast. Service at St Anne's Cathedral.

11 clock Wreath Laying, Belfast. Northern Ireland Secretary of State Karen Bradley will team up with Irish Foreign Minister Simon Coveney to wreath the Cenotaph to remember those who died on the Irish island.

Events in London

6 o'clock in the morning: Bagpipers play the traditional battle game at 2,000 locations in the UK and Commonwealth countries to mark the beginning of the centenary of the ceasefire.

10.30 am: The Olympic Park in Stratford, East London, falls silent for a memorial service at the Shrouds Of The Somme memorial with 72,396 figures depicting the number of Tommies whose corpses were never found. Many of her families are expected.

11 clock Two minute national silence, led by the royal family in the Cenotaph in Whitehall, London. Prince Charles will again lay a wreath for the queen.
It is the first appearance of Meghan Markle on the balcony of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. With the war memorials across the country, national mourning will mark the centenary of the moment when the guns finally fell silent.

11.30 am: More than 9,000 veterans of the Royal British Legion march past the cenotaph.

12:30: The nation's thank-you begins with the folk procession, when 10,000 people whose relatives served in the First World War leave Green Park and pass the Cenotaph. It will take an hour for everyone to complete the 1.2-mile route. Then you can place wreaths on the national war memorial.

12:30: International ringing: As in 1918, bells will ring in cathedrals and churches in London, as well as across the UK and Europe at the end of the conflict.

17 o'clock Beefeaters in the Tower of London will conduct the Last Flames ceremony.

6pm: The Queen will be present at Westminster Abbey for the 100th anniversary of the National Service. Members of the Royal Family, the Prime Minister, other politicians and invited guests are also present.

19 o'clock A nationwide string of 1,300 Beacons of Light is being lit, starting in Unst – the northernmost inhabited island in the United Kingdom – and extending to Cornwall.

19:05: The bells will ring again as the beacons glow throughout Britain and the city criers perform a "peace cry" in 180 cities.

Four years that cost 40 million lives

By Graeme Culliford

One hundred years ago, today at 11 o'clock on the 11th day of the 11th month, the First World War was finally over.

The ceasefire agreement ended more than four years in a bloody conflict – a war that remains one of the most expensive in history and claimed around 40 million lives.

Here Graeme Culliford describes the main points of the conflict.

1914

WORLD War One was set in motion on June 28, when the Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Ferdinand was assassinated during a visit to the Bosnian capital Sarajevo.

The Serbian military police had delivered the weapon when Serbia tried to exercise control over its neighbors.

Austria-Hungary – with German support – declared war on Serbia, which had formed an alliance with Russia and France. When the Russians and French threatened to get involved, the conflict quickly escalated.

Britain ordered Germany not to enter Belgium as its soldiers marched against France and declared war after an "unsatisfactory response" on 4 August.

But by the end of the summer, the German army had arrived within 43 miles of Paris.

In December, an informal ceasefire allowed troops to enjoy a Christmas football game in no man's land – but the war was far from over.

1915

The main theater of the war took place on the Western Front.

Some of the most brutal battles were fought there between 400 miles of barbed-wire trenches regularly plagued by artillery bombardment.

Machine gun placements broke off brave soldiers when they raised their heads.

The battle of Gallipoli began in February, when British, French, Indian, New Zealand, Australian and Canadian forces fought the German allies in the Turkish Ottoman Empire.

The early Allied attack, led by future Prime Minister Winston Churchill, ended with a humiliating defeat.

1916

The Battle of Jutland was the largest naval conflict of the war and hired the British fleet against the Germans and their "dreadnought" combat ships. Around 250 ships and 100,000 soldiers took part in the epic confrontation of the North Sea, which began in May.

Both sides suffered heavy casualties when the Royal Navy lost 14 ships and more than 6,000 men to the 11 ships of the Germans and 2,500 men.

In July, the battle began on the Somme, a massive British-French operation that drove the Germans out of northern France.

However, an advance of 100,000 men to invade the enemy trenches failed despite a seven-day bombardment.

On the first day, 57,000 men were killed, making it the bloodiest day in British military history. In the next 141 days, no more than three square kilometers of enemy territory were taken.

1917

The third battle of Ypres, named after a Belgian city, was dammed up for the rain and mud that clogged rifles that brought tanks to a standstill, drowning men and horses.

This battle, also known as the Battle of Passchendaele after a conquest by our troops, saw 325,000 British casualties and 260,000 Germans.

1918

In the spring, many Germans were convinced when their troops crossed the western front towards Paris.

But the advance cost 230,000 people and the 18th Army had no more supplies.

At the same time, hundreds of thousands of American soldiers poured into France after the United States declared war on Germany. Between March and July, the Germans suffered one million deaths and the turnaround had turned.

The Hundred Days offensive began in August and the Germans began to surrender in large numbers. In November, the war was over.

armistice

The first day of the truce was held on November 11, 1919 by King George V on the grounds of Buckingham Palace. In the same year, a two-minute silence was proposed to remember the millions who died.

Today, at 11 o'clock, a two-minute commemoration ceremony commemorates the two world wars at the Cenotaph in London.
It takes place every year on the Sunday before November

Stories from the sun roll of honor

The centenary of the centenary celebrations in today's Sun on Sunday bears the names of the relatives of the readers who served in the First World War.

Here, Joshua Salisbury reveals some of the heartbreaking and inspiring stories of those who have fought bravely in conflict.

    Mel Heward's grandfather Ralph Ellis lost four of his seven brothers in the conflict

Paul Tonge – The sun

Mel Heward's grandfather Ralph Ellis lost four of his seven brothers in the conflict

Mel Heward's grandfather Ralph Ellis suffered more than most during the war and lost four of his seven brothers – three of them within just three months in 1916. Their bodies were never returned home.

Mels great-uncle Pte Walter Ellis was killed on 17 June 1916 in Iraq. Pte Richard Henry Ellis died of wounds received on July 27 in France; Pte Ben Ellis was killed on 16 September in High Wood, France. and Cpl Percival Ellis died of wounds that had entered Flanders on April 6, 1918.

Each day of the truce, Mel meets her extended family in a pub near Exeter to remember her lost relatives.

She said, "These days, PTSD would have heard of Ralph or at least returned from the front when he heard the deaths of his brothers. But times were different then. "

    Walter Elis was killed on 17 June 1916 in Iraq

Paul Tonge – The sun

Walter Elis was killed on 17 June 1916 in Iraq

The truce has mixed feelings for Pamela Fairley, 74, of Smallfield, Surrey, as her great-uncle Thomas Highgate was the first soldier shot dead at dawn on September 8, 1914, for desertion.

"He must have been so scared," says Pamela, the two-year-old mother. "He was young and came from a really poor environment."

After the war, 19-year-old Thomas was knocked out of the memorial despite his service in the deadly battle of Mons, Belgium. He was pardoned in 2006 alongside 305 other soldiers.

Pamela says, "Thomas may have been shot at dawn, but he will never be forgotten."

Sergeant Jack Cottrell has helped his camera talent maintain the spirits of his compatriots, says his son Peter.

"He never spoke much about his time, but I know he's traveling the country to entertain the troops to keep the morale high."

Jack's talent later meant that he wrote some of George Formby's biggest hits, including Baby, Why not women like me ?, sitting on the ice in the rink, and I could make a good living with it.

Peter says, "Dad was only in his fifties when he died, and though his musical talent has since skipped every generation, I'm incredibly proud of his efforts during the war."

    The private Norman Harvey was just 15 years old when he lied to the army at his age

Paul Cousans – The sun

The private Norman Harvey was just 15 years old when he lied to the army at his age

The private Norman Harvey was only 15 years old when he was about 14 years old to be with the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. He was one of the youngest recipients of the Victoria Cross in the war.

He died in 1941 near Palestine after reporting for World War II.

His grandnephew John Savage, who recently met more than 70 relatives to celebrate Norman's achievement, recalls, "Mum always talked about him with pride.

"I remember her telling me when he came home with his Victoria Cross, he was seated directly on a car and turned around in the city so everyone could see and hear him."

Norman quotes his bravery in October 1918 in Ingoyghen, Belgium, after he attacked 20 opponents on his own.

He remembers a statue and a street, Norman Harvey VC Close, in his hometown Newton Le Willows, Lancs.

100 years of truce: Theresa May wreaths on the first and last British soldiers killed in the First World War

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