Lyme disease, also known as tick-borne borreliosis, is most often infected in late spring – early and mid-summer: it is at this time that people begin to travel more often outside the city, where they can be bitten by mites that carry this and other diseases.
Epidemiologist Karine Gevorgyan, in a conversation with a NEWS.am correspondent, told Medicine how to protect herself from Lyme disease while traveling outside the city.
clothing
When traveling outside the city, it is recommended to wear appropriate clothing: it is desirable that the sleeves of the shirt are long – and the torso is as close as possible. Instead of open slippers, it is recommended to wear closed shoes. Pants should be long, they are recommended to fill in shoes or socks, so that insects could not reach your feet.
Repellents
It is also recommended to use repellents that repel insects. Do not forget that ticks, mosquitoes and mosquitoes suffer many different diseases, and the further they keep from you during your rest, the better.
Inspection
Returning from a trip outside the city, it is recommended that you take off all your clothes and inspect your entire body – including your head – for the presence of ticks that stick to it. Since a person can not see his back and head, it is recommended to carry out the inspection at least together – so people will be able to examine each other’s skin.
Ticks carrying Lyme disease are usually quite small, and they can easily be overlooked or mistaken for a mole, so the skin should be examined extremely carefully. When a tick is found, it must be removed immediately.
Removal of mite
As the expert explained, the tick, adhering to the skin, does not immediately transmit the pathogen leading to the development of Lyme disease. Therefore, if the mite is quickly removed, there is a chance of avoiding infection, even if the mite was the carrier of the infection. It is desirable to treat the bite site with an antiseptic.
In some countries where Lyme disease and other tick-borne diseases are especially common, skin-removed mites are recommended to be taken to the laboratory to find out if it was a carrier of dangerous pathogens.
It should be reminded that in 2017 Armenia registered 19 laboratory confirmed cases of Lyme disease – Tick borreliosis.
Lyme disease is an infectious predominantly transmissible disease that is transmitted to humans by biting ticks belonging to several species of the genus Ixodes. In the Northern Hemisphere is considered the most common disease transmitted by ticks.
Early manifestations of Lyme disease can include fever, headaches, fatigue and a characteristic skin rash called migratory erythema. The prognosis depends on the timeliness of the diagnosis and the time of the beginning of the treatment: if the disease is found late and / or wrongly treated, it can develop into a chronic one, which is already difficult to cure and can lead to disability or death of the patient. Watch out for NEWS.am Medicine on Facebook and Twitter

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