Now we can talk only about the emergency scheme: its difference is that the second dose is administered 2 weeks after the first, but such a short interval is a great stress for the body. The main thing is that the vaccination should be carried out at least a month before the proposed trip, otherwise the antibodies will not have time to work out, and all your efforts will be in vain. And with routine, and with an emergency vaccination schedule, one year later, booster vaccination is necessary – to consolidate the effect, only so you will get permanent immunity for three years. What if I did not get vaccinated?
You need repellents, they are harmless – they simply scare off mites – and you can apply them to open areas of the body. There are also acaricides, they can only be applied to clothing. When you go to the forest, wear a shirt with long sleeves with cuffs, tighten trousers tightly in shoes, be sure to cover your head. The less open areas of the body, the better. Clothing should be light colors, on it ticks are more visible. The most “delicious” parts of the body for the parasite are the areas behind the ears, inguinal and popliteal folds, abdomen and armpits. There the skin is very soft, and it’s easier to suck. Ticks need some time to get on the clothes to the body and dig into it, so if you regularly inspect yourself, you can notice the “enemy” in time. Do I need to be afraid of mites in the country? If the cottage is in an endemic region, hypothetically birds and small rodents can carry mites from the forest to your site. But this does not mean that you will have to walk in full anti-flesh outfits here as well. First, make sure that the mites have chosen your site. To do this, attach a waffle light towel like a flag to a long stick and guide them along the grass. If there are mites, they will be attached to it, and it’s immediately visible on the light one. The site can be treated with acaricidal drugs. How correctly to pull out the tick? Now it is full of special devices for this, for example, lasso handles or a screwdriver with which to pull out the tick is simple enough, they should be kept in a home medicine chest (they are sold in veterinary shops). You can use the “grandfather’s” method: tie a strong thread around the proboscis of the tick and, pulling the ends of the thread, scrolling slowly draw it. Use tweezers, if there is no skill, do not – you can accidentally tear the tick. If you are not sure that you can do it yourself, it’s better to go to the emergency department. Yes, it is obligatory! Ticks can be carriers of pathogens of various infections – not only known to all tick-borne encephalitis (causes inflammation of the brain), but also borreliosis (Lyme disease), which affects the nervous and cardiovascular system, anaplasmosis and others. The only method that can determine if a tick is infected is laboratory analysis. If the result is positive and the virus of encephalitis is found in the tick, it is necessary to introduce anti-malignant immunoglobulin – a preparation containing ready-made specific antibodies. The drug should be administered in the first 96 hours after sucking the tick. When a bacterial pathogens (Borrelia, Anaplasm, Ehrlichia) is detected at the mite, the doctor can prescribe a course of antibiotics. What happens if I do not notice the tick? This is not a rare case. If the mite is not infected, you will not even know about it, because after drinking the blood, it will fall off itself. Female – about a week later, the male – a couple of hours after sucking. On the site of the bite, there may be slight redness.