According to EU directives, 30% of road transport should be diverted to rail by 2030, but the share of goods transported by rail in Hungary has decreased in recent months, while road transport has increased, writes 444.hu. Railway electricity has become very expensive, so much so that international railway carriers are increasingly leaving Hungary even if it would be much shorter to cross it.
For example, a shipment from Serbia to Slovakia is cheaper to travel through Croatia, Slovenia and Austria than to cross it through Hungary. Electricity on the lines maintained by MÁV has become brutally expensive, and they control much of the country’s railway network. The other track maintenance is GYSEV, they are much cheaper, but their area of operation is limited to the northwest of the country.
Track usage fees in Hungary were already high at the regional level last year, because, unlike our neighbors and Germany, the Hungarian government did not take the opportunity offered by the EU to reduce or even eliminate them in view of the epidemic. As this would mean a loss of revenue for MÁV, which would have to be compensated from the state budget, in the period burdened by the current austerity measures, the government may not be willing to do so.