- IN THE. Pei, American-Chinese star architect, died at the age of 102.
- Among other things, he created the glass pyramid in front of the Louvre in Paris and an extension for the German Historical Museum in Berlin.
- Both works were initially controversial.
The American-Chinese star architect I. M. Pei died at the age of 102 years. That confirms his office in New York on Thursday. He became famous among other things with the design of the glass pyramid at the Louvre in Paris. He also designed the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in the United States.
His handling of simple geometric shapes and the play with the light shaped his work. In Germany, Pei created an extension for the German Historical Museum in Berlin, opened in 2003, with a spiral staircase made of glass and steel.
In 1983, Pei was awarded the prestigious Pritzker Architecture Prize. He had given "this century some of its most beautiful interiors and external forms," the jury judged at that time. His 100th birthday was said in the South German newspaperHe was able to "reconcile, indeed blend creatively, the wisdom of Buddhism in a unique way with the decidedly modern forms of the international style."
When Pei was awarded the contract for the redesign of the Louvre, the surprise was great. Pei was the first foreign architect to lend a hand to the building. Not everybody wanted to make friends with the glass pyramid right away. Some talked about a "disneyland cultivation", an "act of arbitrariness" and a "gigantic gimmick". The construction in Berlin was preceded by a storm of indignation.
Ieoh Ming Pei was born in Guangzhou, southern China in 1917, and grew up in Hong Kong and Shanghai. At 17, he moved to the United States. He studied at the University of Pennsylvania, at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology at Cambridge and at the Harvard Graduate School of Design. Among his lecturers were, among others, the Bauhaus architects Marcel Breuer and Walter Gropius.
When World War II prevented his return to China, Boston, New York and Los Angeles were soon his new jobs. Pei became an American citizen and created urban projects in Denver, Chicago and Montreal. After starting with the New York company "Webb & Knapp", he opened his own company "I. M. Pei & Partners" there. Soon, a prestigious order was added to the next, including a library for the murdered President John F. Kennedy in consultation with his widow Jacqueline. With fame behind him, Pei returned to China with his family for a number of projects. His wife, Eileen Loo, he already knew from college, the couple had three sons and a daughter.
Active was Pei (at least as a great clock of its executive architects) to the very end. A construction meant the most to him personally: the Miho Museum near Kyoto in Japan. He has set the spectacular system with tunnel entrance and high glass roofs in the middle of the Japanese hilly landscape.
. (tagsToTranslate) Architecture (t) Louvre (t) Culture (t) Süddeutsche Zeitung (t) SZ