KOMPAS.com – Everyone may be tired and tired of facing this Covid-19 pandemic. If there is a vaccine, will the pandemic end?
The world has changed since it was first announced that a mysterious virus that infected residents of Wuhan, China on December 31, 2019.
It is finally known that it is the new corona virus SARS-CoV-2 that caused the new killer, Covid-19.
Two months after that, on March 2, 2020, Indonesia announced the first case of Covid-19. Since then, our lifestyle has changed.
Because these viruses and diseases are new, the world does not yet have vaccines to prevent transmission.
Also read: Covid-19 Vaccine Research in the World, Where Has the Process Been?
To date, there are more than 100 vaccine candidates being developed by scientists around the world. 36 vaccines are in clinical trials in humans and about 90 other candidates are entering preclinical trials or are given to animals.
Indonesia, through the Eijkman Institute for Molecular Biology (LBM) is also developing a vaccine called the red and white vaccine.
Of all available vaccine candidates, it is targeted that by mid-2021 we will have found a Covid-19 vaccine that is safe and effective in increasing the immune response.
But the question is, if a vaccine is available and has been distributed to everyone, will the pandemic automatically end and we can live a day like before the pandemic?
Head of the Eijkman Institute of Molecular Biology (LBM), Prof. Amin Soebandrio, gave his views on this question.
Amin admitted, everyone hopes that a Covid-19 vaccine is found soon so that we can return to life before the pandemic.
But Amin warned, even though a vaccine was invented and eventually marketed, everyone should not leave the health protocols that were implemented during this pandemic.
“So for example, early next year a vaccine will be available, it doesn’t mean that the pandemic is over,” Amin explained in a digital media briefing event. Support for the Acceleration of Covid-19 Vaccine Research held Thursday (3/9/2020).
Amin said the vaccine helped control the spread of Covid-19. But keep in mind, the SARS-CoV-2 corona virus, which causes the disease, will always be around us.
“We don’t know where the virus is. What we hope is, when more and more people are immune, the virus (SARS-CoV-2) will decrease over time,” he added.
But until the corona virus completely disappears from the face of the Earth and doesn’t infect humans anymore, it will take a long time.
“The smallpox virus, for example, took about 200 years for the world to be declared smallpox free, since the first vaccine was discovered by a doctor (Edward) Jenner,” said Amin.
Long before dealing with Covid-19, smallpox killed millions of people before a vaccine was found.
Reported Kompas.id issue of 9 May 2020 in an article entitled, 40 Years of Man Wins Over Smallpox Epidemic, mentioned until the 20th century or until 60 years ago, smallpox killed at least 300 million inhabitants of the earth.
Also read: Hunting with Time, These are the 7 Stages of Covid-19 Vaccine Development
In the case of the current pandemic, Amin said that it is highly likely that we do not need to wait for 200 years to be free from Covid-19.
“Because with more advanced technology, it is hoped we won’t have to wait for 200 years,” he said.
He reminded that even though a vaccine was found, 3M’s health protocols had to be followed, namely:
- Wash your hands with soap for at least 20 seconds
- Maintain distance with others
- Put on a mask