Dr. Alfredo Ahuatzi Galván, leader of the supervision team of the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) in Tlaxcala, gives simple recommendations to women on prevention to combat breast cancer.
Breast cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the breast.
“The breast is made up of lobes and ducts, each of which has 15 to 20 sections called lobules, which have smaller sections called lobules, which end in dozens of tiny bulbs that produce milk. The lobes, the lobules and the bulbs are connected by conduits ”, Ahuatzi Galván specified.
She explained that each breast also has blood vessels and lymphatic vessels. Lymphatic vessels carry a fluid called lymph and carry it between the lymph nodes, which are small, bean-shaped structures that filter lymph and store white blood cells that help fight infection and disease. Lymph nodes are found near the breast, in the armpit (under the arm), above the collarbone, and on the chest.
Cancer is not a single disease, but a group of related diseases. Our genes, lifestyle and the environment that surrounds us, work together to modify the risk of cancer, increasing or decreasing it. The risk in each person of suffering from cancer is a combination of these factors.
“Timely detection is very important, it is recommended to start self-examination after 20 years of age and go to the Family Medicine Unit (UMF) to learn the technique of self-examination and identify abnormal changes in the breasts, as well as women between 40 and 69 years, it is essential to have a mammogram as a means of detection, ”recommended the specialist.
Lifestyle changes can lower the risk of breast cancer by following a few recommendations:
- Limit alcohol consumption. The more alcohol you drink, the higher your risk of developing breast cancer. In the same way it helps, not to smoke or to stop smoking, as the case may be.
- Maintain a healthy weight, avoid overweight and obesity. Exercising can be started gradually: 15 minutes, then 30, then 45 until reaching 60 minutes a day and at least four days a week.
- Eat vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, fish and preferably use virgin olive oil. Consume five or more servings a week of broccoli; use turmeric in all foods; enjoy a handful of walnuts, as a snack or snack, every day; incorporate berries during the week and an apple every day. A little plain yogurt or probiotics every day will help reduce your risk of breast cancer.
- Drink plain water at intervals throughout the day.
- Reduce stress and balance times for work and rest.
- In agreement with your doctor, assess possible supplementation with fatty acids and folic acid, as a reinforcement.
The main risk factors associated with breast cancer are:
- Modifiable factors: overweight, obesity, smoking and alcoholism these can be corrected by modifying habits and behaviors of daily life.
- Non-modifiable factors: direct family history of cancer in grandmothers, mothers or sisters who have suffered the disease, menopause, menstrual life of more than 40 years, first pregnancy after 30 years and the mere fact that the older the age, the greater risk. And yet, a diet rich in fruits and vegetables reduces risks
Dr. Ahuatzi concluded that in the event of any irregularity or suspicion, go immediately with his family doctor to the UMF that corresponds to him.