The World Health Organization (WHO) has officially announced monkey pox as a global emergency. This statement follows the spread of smallpox monkeys that reach 75 countries in the world with the number of patients more than 16 thousand cases.
The Danish biotechnology company Bavarian Nordic (BAVA.CO), has obtained permission from the European Commission to produce monkey smallpox vaccine named Imvanex. Imvanex vaccine for monkeypox is said to be able to overcome the disease, which is one way of transmission through sexual activity.
Launching the European Medicines Agency, the Imvanex vaccine is like other vaccines, to prevent transmission, it is given by injection in the upper arm. People who have never been vaccinated against chickenpox, monkeypox, or a disease caused by a virus should receive two 0.5 ml doses. With the second dose administered at least 28 days after the first.
If a booster dose is deemed necessary in a previously vaccinated person, a single dose of 0.5 ml should be given. People with weakened immune systems (the body’s natural defenses) who need a booster, should receive two doses monkey smallpox vaccinewith the second dose administered at least 28 days after the first.
How does the Imvanex Vaccine for monkeypox work?
When a person is given a vaccine, the immune system can recognize the virus in the vaccine as ‘foreign’ and make antibodies to fight it. So when a similar virus appears, these antibodies along with other components of the immune system can kill the virus and help protect against disease.
Imvanex is also known as a vaccine that is used to protect adults from smallpox. Smallpox was officially declared eradicated in Europe in 1980, with the last known case of the disease occurring in 1977. The vaccine is used when deemed necessary to protect against smallpox according to official recommendations.
Imvanex can also be used to protect adults from monkeypox and the disease caused by the vaccinia virus.
London held a mass vaccination against monkeypox on July 23 (Photo: Getty Images/Hollie Adams)
Imvanex Vaccine Side Effects
Side effects of monkey smallpox vaccine Of these, the most common are headache, nausea, myalgia (muscle pain), fatigue, and injection site reactions such as pain, redness, swelling, hardening, and itching.
Imvanex should not be used in patients who are hypersensitive (allergic) to the active substance or any substance, such as chicken protein, benzonase, and gentamicin.