In traffic – from 2025
Commercial tests of electric trucks produced in fuel cells in public traffic will begin in 2025, and selected customers of the company from Northern Europe will participate in them. In the following years, this type of vehicle will be delivered to even more countries.
Hydrogen fuel cell electric trucks will be particularly suitable for long-distance travel and heavy, energy-intensive work. They can also be a great choice in countries where electric battery charging options are limited.
“I believe that the first tests will highlight the potential of electric trucks with hydrogen fuel cells. The tests will be carried out in harsh climates, and we will have a great opportunity to test the technology in heavy-duty vehicles with a combined weight of up to 65 tons,” says Jessica Sandström, Senior Vice President of Global Product Management at Volvo Trucks.
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In the first tests, the company will aim to examine all different aspects of the truck’s performance, including components, handling and driver experience. Fuel cell trucks do not need to be recharged and generate electricity independently of external sources using hydrogen stored in a tank.
The only by-product emitted is water vapor. Volvo’s electric trucks will use two fuel cells to generate up to 300kW of power and will take less than 15 minutes to refill an empty hydrogen tank.
Will use green hydrogen
Fuel cell technology is still at an early stage of development and despite its many advantages, some challenges also remain. One of the most important is the large-scale supply of green hydrogen, which is produced using renewable energy sources such as wind, solar or water. There is also a need to develop refueling infrastructure.
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During Volvo Trucks’ green hydrogen trials, the trucks’ tanks will be filled using its own infrastructure at the fleet’s storage areas.
“We expect the supply of green hydrogen to increase significantly over the next couple of years, as many industries will have to switch to it in order to reduce CO2 emissions.” Trucks with fuel cells will be important in a few years for transporting longer and heavier loads,” notes J. Sandström.
The heavy-duty fuel cells will be supplied by Cellcentric, a joint venture between Volvo Group and Daimler Truck AG. Cellcentric will build one of Europe’s largest mass-produced fuel cell plants to supply equipment for heavy-duty vehicles.
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