In the last year of 2017, the incidence was registered in 45 districts and 7 cities in the Republic of Belarus. Out of the number of cases, 4% were children under 17 years old. Especially large number of cases were in Askinsky, Baltachevsky, Buraevsky, Blagoveshchensk, Kaltasinsky, Karaidel, Krasnokamsky, Nurimanovsky, Tatyshlinsky, Yanaulsky areas. Excess of the average republican index by morbidity was recorded in Askinsky, Baltachevsky, Buraevsky districts. According to available preliminary information of the department, in 2014 in Bashkortostan recorded 1305 cases of infection with murine fever, 4% of them – children. This is 16 percent less than in 2016. First of all, the disease was picked up by citizens of the Demsk, Kalinin and Oktyabrsky districts. Analysis of the circumstances of the infection showed: as a rule, it occurred in the forest territory. Among the circumstances of the disease are sanitary honey. staff stressed the personal vigorous visit to the forests – hunting, fishing, picking berries and mushrooms, harvesting hay and firewood. In Rospotrebnadzor, the Republic of Bashkortostan was named the districts of Bashkiria, where first of all they become infected with murine fever.