Tuesday, June 18, 2019
Home World In Sudan, protesters continue to shake up the generals

In Sudan, protesters continue to shake up the generals

In Sudan, Omar al-Bashir has remained in power for thirty years; his successor, General Awad Ahmed Ibn Aouf, will have held for thirty hours. He was replaced Friday night at the head of the Transitional Military Council (CMT) by Abdel Fattah al-Burhan Abdelrahmane, the commander of the army. "In two days, we overthrew two presidents, have chanted the tens of thousands of protesters who have occupied for one week the esplanade of the army headquarters in the heart of Khartoum. Others will fall, others will fall. "

Former regime number 2, Salah Gosh, the almighty head of the National Intelligence and Security Service (Niss, intelligence services), has also resigned. The departure of this man, hated by the protesters – he was the main architect of the repression of the movement – gave rise to a new explosion of joy in the streets of the capital. Less known to Sudanese, General Al-Burhan was seen Friday, before his appointment at the head of the CMT, talking with protesters at the foot of army headquarters. The following day, in a speech broadcast on television, he announced the lifting of the curfew enacted forty-eight hours earlier, the release of all the protesters arrested in recent weeks, and pledged to bring those responsible for the death of protesters (at least 16, according to police, in recent days).

Read also The many terrors of El-Bashir

Pledges that convinced the Alliance for Freedom and Change, a coalition of opposition parties and the Association of Sudanese Professionals, the spearhead of the protest, to meet for the first time the new military power Saturday night. It demands the rapid formation of a wholly civilian government and the neutralization of the Niss. "We will continue our sit-ins until the satisfaction of our requests," warned one of its leaders, Omar el-Digeir, leader of the Sudanese Congress Party. On Sunday, General Yasser al-Ata, a member of the WCL, took another step towards the movement. "We want to establish a civil state based on freedom, justice and democracy, he said during a meeting with political parties. We want you to agree on an independent person who would become Prime Minister and a civilian government. "

Al-Bhuran may have promised to "Fight against corruption and eliminate the roots" of the regime of Omar al-Bashir, some signs do not deceive. The arrival of Mohamed Hamdan Daglo, nicknamed "Hemedti", as a member of the CMT, has something to worry the opposition. This young warlord heads the Rapid Support Forces, a paramilitary force serving the Niss created in 2013 by recycling the brutal Janjaweed militia used for ethnic cleansing in Darfur, which has claimed 300,000 lives since 2003, according to the UN. Today, they have largely escaped Khartoum's control and weigh on all the security, political and financial choices in Sudan. The United States knows it: Sunday, an American chargé d'affaires had an interview with Hemedti at the presidential palace. The day before, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates expressed their support for the new Military Council, and announced the sending of humanitarian aid, medicines and oil to "Brotherly people of Sudan".

Celian Macé

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